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Det ska vara minst lika kul att gå ut som att vara inne": En kvalitativ studie om förskolegårdens betydelse för barns möjlighet till motorisk stimulans och utveckling.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
“It should be just as fun to go outside as being indoors" : A qualitative study about the importance of the preschool yard in furthering motoric stimulus and development in children. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning menar att barn i vårt samhälle är allt mer stillasittande och inte rör på sig i samma utsträckning som tidigare. Samtidigt tillbringar många barn den största delen av sin vakna tid på förskolan, därmed läggs ansvaret på förskolorna att tillgodose barn den motoriska stimulans de behöver. Oftast görs detta genom den fria leken ute på gården, och gården bör vara utformad för att bemöta varje barn på dess individuella nivå. Studier visar att förskolegårdar idag kan vara bristfälliga och att de har nedprioriterats de senaste decennierna. Tidigare forskning visar att gårdar med stora ytor och mycket växtlighet gynnar barns motoriska utveckling.

Föreliggande kvalitativa studie genomfördes genom intervjuer med pedagoger från förskoleverksamhet samt miljöobservationer av förskolegårdarna. Resultatet visar att pedagogerna har stor medvetenhet kring barns behov av rörelse och att förskolegårdarna kan ha skiftade standard. Pedagogerna lyfter svårigheter att bemöta barn i skilda åldrar på samma gårdar, och att den ofta kan vara mer passande för antingen äldre eller yngre barn. Jag tycker att svaren jag fick på mina frågeställningar är positiva, men tror att studien kunde ha gett ett helt annat utfall i en annan kommun eller med ett annorlunda urval.

Abstract [en]

Previous research has showed that children in our society are becoming increasingly more sedentary. At the same time, a lot of children spend most of their waking hours at preschool, which leaves the preschools with the responsibility of making sure that every child gets the motoric stimuli that it needs. Generally, this is done through unstructured play in the yard of the preschool. The yard needs to be designed in a way that challenges every child on their own individual level. Studies show that preschool yards can be deficient and that they have been under-prioritized during the last few decades. Research shows that preschool yards with big open spaces and a lot of vegetation furthers children's motoric development.

This qualitative study was carried out through interviews with preschool teachers and scientific observation of the preschool yards. The result shows that the educators have a lot of awareness when it comes to children's need for movement and also that the preschool yards can have a varying degree of sufficiency. The preschool teachers mentions difficulties with having children of different ages in the same yard, the yards are often more appropriate for either older or younger children. I think my results are positive, but I also think that the study could have had a completely different outcome in another municipality or with a different selection of preschools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, Motoric development, Preschool teacher, Preschool yard.
Keyword [sv]
Barn, Förskolegård, Förskollärare, Motorisk utveckling.
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36655OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-36655DiVA: diva2:824796
Subject / course
Biology
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-23 Created: 2015-06-22 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved

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Emelie Franzén(1471 kB)95 downloads
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