Geophysical mapping of palsa peatland permafrost
2015 (English)In: The Cryosphere, ISSN 1994-0416, E-ISSN 1994-0424, Vol. 9, no 2, 465-478 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Permafrost peatlands are hydrological and biogeochemical hotspots in the discontinuous permafrost zone. Non-intrusive geophysical methods offer a possibility to map current permafrost spatial distributions in these environments. In this study, we estimate the depths to the permafrost table and base across a peatland in northern Sweden, using ground penetrating radar and electrical resistivity tomography. Seasonal thaw frost tables (at similar to 0.5 m depth), taliks (2.1-6.7 m deep), and the permafrost base (at similar to 16 m depth) could be detected. Higher occurrences of taliks were discovered at locations with a lower relative height of permafrost landforms, which is indicative of lower ground ice content at these locations. These results highlight the added value of combining geophysical techniques for assessing spatial distributions of permafrost within the rapidly changing sporadic permafrost zone. For example, based on a back-of-the-envelope calculation for the site considered here, we estimated that the permafrost could thaw completely within the next 3 centuries. Thus there is a clear need to benchmark current permafrost distributions and characteristics, particularly in under studied regions of the pan-Arctic.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 9, no 2, 465-478 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-256105DOI: 10.5194/tc-9-465-2015ISI: 000353878400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-256105DiVA: diva2:824663