Household costs associated with objectively diagnosed allergy to staple foods in children and adolescents
2015 (English)In: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, ISSN 2213-2198, Vol. 3, no 1, 68-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that indirect and intangible costs burden households with a food allergic adult. We now extend our investigation to households with food allergic children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate direct, indirect, and intangible costs of food allergy in households with a child and/or adolescent with objectively diagnosed allergy to staple foods (cow's milk, hen's egg, and/or wheat), and to compare these costs with age-and sex-matched controls. METHODS: Direct and indirect cost parent-reported data collected via the Food Allergy Socio-Economic Questionnaire of 84 children (0-12 years) and 60 adolescents (13-17 years) with objectively diagnosed allergy to staple foods ("cases") and age- and sex-matched controls (n = 94 children; n = 56 adolescents) were compared. Annual household costs were calculated. Total household costs included direct plus indirect costs. Intangible costs included parent-reported health of their child and/or adolescent, standard of living, and perceptions of well-being. RESULTS: Amongst cases, total household costs were higher by (sic)3961 for children and (sic)4792 for adolescents versus controls (P < .05), and were driven by direct (eg, medications) and indirect (eg, time with health care professionals) costs. For children only, a history of anaphylaxis was associated with higher direct costs than no anaphylaxis ((sic)13,016 vs (sic)10,044, P < .05). Intangible costs (eg, parent-reported health of a child and/or adolescent) were significantly impacted amongst cases versus controls (P < .01). CONCLUSION: Households with a child and/or adolescent with objectively diagnosed allergy to staple foods have higher total household costs than controls. Direct and indirect costs were significantly higher for cases versus controls amongst children only. Amongst both age groups, such allergy adversely impacted intangible costs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 3, no 1, 68-75 p.
adolescents, children, direct costs, food allergy
Immunology in the medical area
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105275DOI: 10.1016/j.jaip.2014.09.021ISI: 000354210100010PubMedID: 25577621OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105275DiVA: diva2:824424