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Sitt rak i ryggen!
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Forskningen har visat att meditation för med sig stora fördelar för utövaren men det saknas heltäckande kunskap om vad det är i meditationen som är så gynnsam. Vi testade därför zen- buddhismens påstående om att ryggens position gynnar vår koncentrationsförmåga. Detta skedde genom att undersöka sambandet mellan kroppsposition, koncentrationsförmåga och minne. Försöket bestod i en inomgruppsdesign där deltagarna fick genomföra minnestestet fri återgivning sittandes dels med rak rygg och dels med slokad rygg och därtill svara på självskattningfrågor gällande deras upplevda koncentrationsförmåga, generella minne och detaljminne. Hypotes 1 var att deltagarna skulle prestera bättre vid fri återgivning när de satt med rak rygg. Hypotes 2 var att deltagare som skattade sin koncentrationsförmåga, sitt generella minne och sitt detaljminne som lågt skulle tjäna mer än övriga på att sitta med rak rygg medan de utförde minnestestet.

Resultatet visade att deltagarna generellt sett presterade signifikant bättre när de rätade på sig och att de som uppgav att de hade en låg koncentrationsförmåga och dåligt minne tjänade minst på förändringen i kroppsposition. Vår slutsats blev därför att zen-buddhismens påstående om att ryggens position gynnar koncentrationsförmågan fick stöd. Men tillskillnad från vad vi antog i hypotes 2 så visade det sig att det var de som redan upplever att de har en god koncentrationsförmåga och ett gott generellt minne som framför allt tjänar på att räta på sig. 

Abstract [en]

Research has shown that meditation brings great benefits to the practitioner, but there is no comprehensive knowledge of what it is in meditation that is so favorable. We therefore tested Zen Buddhism's claim that the dorsal position favors our ability to concentrate. This was done by examining the relationship between body position, concentration and memory. The quasi- experiment consisted of a within-group design in which participants had to perform the memory test Free Recall twice, once sitting with their back straight and once with their back slouched, and also to answer self-assessment questions regarding their perceived ability to concentrate, general memory and detail memory. Hypothesis 1 was that students would perform better at Free Recall when they sat with a straight back. Hypothesis 2 was that participants who rated their ability to concentrate, their general memory and their detailed memory as low, would benefit more than others to sit with a straight back while they were performing the memory test.

The results showed that participants generally performed significantly better when they sat with a straight back and that those who reported having a low ability to concentrate and a bad memory benefited the least by the change in body position. Our conclusion was therefore that Zen Buddhism's claim that the dorsal position favors the concentration ability was supported. But unlike what we assumed in hypothesis 2 it turned out that those who assessed that they already have a good concentration and a good general memory are the ones who mainly benefits from straightening their back. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 26 p.
Keyword [sv]
Meditation, kroppsposition, koncentrationsförmåga, minne
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-14090OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-14090DiVA: diva2:824010
Subject / course
Psychology
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-23 Created: 2015-06-19 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved

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