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Utvärdering av BIM som arbetsmetod i anläggningsbranschen: En analys av BIM-implementeringen för anläggningsbranschen i byggprocessens skeden
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Evaluation of BIM as a working method in the Construction Industry : An analysis of the implementation of BIM for the Construction Industry in the stages of the Building Process (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bygg- och anläggningsbranschen betraktas som konservativ och trögutvecklad då liknande arbetsmetoder har använts sedan branschens begynnelse. Det borde finnas arbetsmetoder som är mer effektiva i förhållande till teknikutvecklingens expandering. En ny, men idag relativt oetablerad, arbetsmetod möjliggör att information integreras och samordnas i en interaktiv 3D-modell genom en hel byggprocess – byggnadsinformationsmodellering (BIM).Denna studie har i syfte att för anläggningsbranschen belysa för- och nackdelarna med BIM som arbetsmetod, samt redogöra vilka hinder som finns och vilka åtgärder som krävs för en bredare implementering.Genom en fallstudie utvärderas detta via kvalitativa intervjuer med representanter för byggprocessens olika skeden. Intervjuerna grundar sig på en uppsättning av utvärderande frågor samt en konstruerad BIM-modell över ett verkligt anläggningsprojekt.Slutsatser som har dragits av studien är att utifrån de nuvarande arbetsmetoderna indikeras ett behov för effektivisering av samförståelse i projekt. Med BIM som arbetsmetod ökas samförståelsen och effektiviteten vilket leder till reducerade tid- och kostnadsparametrar med en högre kvalitet och tillförlitlighet i den färdiga produkten.Anläggningsbranschen välkomnar detta och kommer att gynnas av ett metodbyte i det långa loppet. Det finns dock hinder som måste åtgärdas innan en fullständig implementering kan ske. För att beställare ska kunna kräva detta så måste en tydligt strukturerad standard utformas, som även utbildningar samt kalkyler för att få en ekonomisk vinning grundar sig på.

Abstract [en]

The construction industry is regarded as conservative and slow developed where similar methods have been used since the industry began. There should be methods that are more effective in relation to the expansion of technology development. A new, but today quite unestablished, working method allows information to be integrated and coordinated in an interactive 3D model through the whole building process – building information modeling (BIM).The purpose of this study is to the construction industry illuminate the pros and cons with BIM as a working method, and also outline which obstacles there is and which measures that are required for a wider implementation.Through a case study evaluates this via qualitative interviews with representatives of the construction process in its various stages. The interviews are based on a set of evaluating questions and a built BIM model of a real construction project.Some conclusions that have been drawn from the study are that based on the current working methods that indicate a need for efficiency of joint understanding in projects. With BIM as a working method the joint understanding and the efficiency increases, which leads to reduced time and cost parameters with a higher quality and reliability in the finished product.The construction industry welcomes this and will be benefited with a change of methods in the long run. However, there are obstacles that must be rectified before a full implementation can take place. If clients should be able to demand this there must be a clearly structured standard designed which also educations and calculations to obtain a financial benefit is based on.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 92 p.
Keyword [sv]
BIM anläggningsbranschen byggprocessen projektering
National Category
Communication Studies Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36572OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-36572DiVA: diva2:823952
External cooperation
EQC Karlstad
Subject / course
Construction Engineering
Educational program
Study Programme in Building and Construction Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-22 Created: 2015-06-19 Last updated: 2015-06-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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