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Träning och äldres hälsa: Olika träningsformers inverkan på äldres upplevda hälsa
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
: Elderly’s health: Different forms of workouts impact on health (English)
Abstract [sv]

SammanfattningI och med att åldern blir högre hos befolkningen än den någonsin varit tidigare betyder det attdet blir allt viktigare att de äldre upprätthåller en hälsosam livsstil. En betydande del i dettabestår av regelbunden fysisk aktivitet, vilket vi ville undersöka om de äldre faktiskt utförde.Vi ville också veta vilken effekt de olika träningsformerna, som de eventuellt ägande sig åt,hade på deras upplevda hälsa. Syftet med denna studie var därför att undersöka vilkaträningsvanor människor i åldrarna 65 till 95 har, hur deras nuvarande hälsotillstånd ser ut ochvilken inverkan olika träningsformer har på deras upplevda hälsotillstånd.I studien har vi använt en kvantitativ forskningsmetod i form av en enkätundersökning. Dessaenkäter innehöll frågor och påståenden om träningsvanor och upplevd hälsa, som varje individfick besvara anonymt. Sammanlagt svarade 30 personer ur urvalsgruppen på enkäten. Utifrånindividernas främst utförda träningsform delade vi in dem i fyra olika kategorier som var:“Konditionsträning”, “styrketräning”, “båda” och” ingen”.Resultatet visade att majoriteten av de äldre tränar måttligt, det vill säga minst två timmar iveckan, oftast utan att svettas. Den vanligaste träningsformen visade sig vara kondition somoftast utfördes i form av promenader och cykling. De äldre som ingick i denna studie hadeäven ett relativt högt upplevt hälsotillstånd både räknat i grupp och individuellt. I resultatetsåg vi inget större samband mellan upplevt hälsotillstånd och olika träningsformer då hälsanför varje kategori var i princip på samma upplevda nivå.

Abstract [en]

AbstractThe age of the population is higher now than it has ever been before, thus it is increasingly important that older people maintain a healthy lifestyle. A significant part of this lifestyle consists of regular physical activity; therefore we wanted to investigate if the elderly actually performed this. We also wanted to know what impact the different forms of exercise had on their perceived health. That is, if they do perform any form of exercise at all. The purpose of this study was, because of this, to investigate the exercise habits of people aged 65-95, how their current state of health is perceived and what impact different forms of exercise have on their perceived health status.In this study, we used a quantitative research in the form of a questionnaire. These surveys included questions and statements about exercise habits and perceived health that every individual got to answer anonymously. A total of 30 people out of the sample group responded. Based on the individual's answers, we categorized the exercises and divided them into four different categories which were: “cardio”, “strength”, “both carido and strength” and “none”.The results showed that the majority of the elderly are working out moderately, that is at least two hours a week, often without sweating. The most common form of exercise proved to be cardio, usually performed in the form of walking and cycling. The elderly that were included in this study also had a relatively high perceived health status both in terms of group and individual. The health of each category were almost at basically the same perceived level, therefore we saw no significant relationship between perceived health status and various forms of exercise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 31 p.
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36570OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-36570DiVA: diva2:823913
Subject / course
Sports Science
Educational program
Programme in Sport Science/sport coaching, 180 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-23 Created: 2015-06-18 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved

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