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Hur påverkas studenters prestation i läsförståelse av klassisk musik i dur och moll?: Ett laboratorieexperiment
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How is student achievement in reading comprehension of classical music in major and minor? : A laboratory experiment (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om det fanns en skillnad på studentens prestation i ett läsförståelsetest (TISUS), beroende på vilket tonläge (dur eller moll) på klassisk musik de fick lyssna på. Undersökningen genomfördes som ett laboratorieexperiment i en studierum på Karlstads Universitet, utifrån en oberoende mellan-grupps-design. Urvalet var ett tillfällighetsurval av studenter (N= 26), i åldrarna 19 – 33, inom Karlstads Universitet. Oberoende variabeln var klassiskt musik komponerad av Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, vilket var uppdelat i de två olika betingelserna dur och moll. Beroende variabeln var studentens prestationsförmåga i läsförståelse. Deltagarna fick genomföra ett läsförståelsetest, bestående av tre texter med dess samtliga frågor att besvara på, samt bakgrundsfrågor och en utvärdering av experimentet. Resultatet visade att studenter som lyssnade på klassiskt musik, i tonläge dur, presterade bättre i läsförståelsetestet. Slutsatsen är att inverkan av tonlägena dur och moll skiljer sig på studentens prestationsförmåga i läsförståelse.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there was a difference on the students’ performance in a reading comprehension test ( TISUS ), depending on the tone (major or minor) of the classical music they were listening to.The survey was conducted as a laboratory experiment in a study-room at the University of Karlstad, based on an independent between-group design. The selection was an opportunity sample of students (N = 26), between the ages 19-33, within the University of Karlstad. The independent variable was the classical music composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, which was divided into the two different tones, major and minor. The dependent variable was the student's performance in reading comprehension. The participants performed a reading comprehension test, consisting of three texts with all its questions to answer on, and background questions and an evaluation of the experiment. The results showed that students who listened to classical music, with the tone of major, performed better in the reading comprehension test. The conclusion is that the impact of the tones major and minor differs on the students’ performance in reading comprehension.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
music, major, minor, performance, reading comprehension.
Keyword [sv]
musik, dur, moll, prestationsförmåga, läsförståelse.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36554OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-36554DiVA: diva2:823844
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Study program in Case Management (180 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-23 Created: 2015-06-18 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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