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Trafikverket som samhällsutvecklare: En studie av rollen som samhällsutvecklare och tillhörande kompetenser
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Rörelse och framkomlighet har alltid spelat en stor roll för samhällsutvecklingen. Människans geografiska räckvidd har ökat mycket under de senaste 50 åren och detta tack vare bilen. Detta har fått vissa konsekvenser såsom glesare städer, miljöförstöring och ökat antal trafikolyckor för att nämna några. Planering av våra transportsystem har skett utan eftertanke och är byggda utan större hänsyn till miljön, vilket är ohållbart och det måste till en förändring i användandet av våra transportsystem. Trafikverket är en svensk statlig organisation som står för den långsiktiga planeringen av det samlande transportsystemet i Sverige. Trafikverket har länge haft en roll som “infrastrukturbyggare”, men vill nu utveckla sin identitet till “samhällsutvecklare”. Detta för att på bästa sätta skapa ett hållbart transportsystem som bidrar till ett hållbart resande.

 

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka kompetenser som anses vara viktiga hos en samhällsutvecklare och om kompetenserna hos Trafikverkets Region Mitt skiljer sig jämfört med de förväntade kompetenserna hos en samhällsutvecklare. För att undersöka vilken kompetensnivå Trafikverket Region Mitt hade, skapades ett kunskapstest där fem olika kompetenser testades på alla utom ett verksamhetsområde hos Region Mitt. De kompetenser som testades var kommunikationsförmåga, förhandlingsteknik, pedagogik, samhällsförståelse samt analytisk förmåga. Kunskapsprovet baserades på intervjuer och litteraturstudier. Något som alla intervjuer hade gemensamt var att de intervjuade menade på att en samhällsutvecklares viktigaste egenskap var att ha en bred kompetens. Trafikverket har en viktig roll i samhällsutvecklingen och bör vara samhällsutvecklare. Resultatet visade att alla verksamhetsområdena hade lägst medelpoäng i delmomenten samhällsförståelse och pedagogik samt högst medelpoäng i delmomentet kommunikationsförmåga. Dock visade det sig svårt att bedöma resultat av kunskapstestet, då det var svårt att fastställa validiteten på frågorna.

Abstract [en]

Movement and mobility has always played a major role in the development of society. Man's geographical reach has increased a lot over the last 50 years thanks to the rising usage of cars. The car has played a central role in community development. This has had certain consequences, such as more sparse cities, environmental degradation and an increased number of traffic accidents to name a few. The planning of our transportation systems have taken place without enough reflection of impact and are built with insufficient regard to the environment, which is unsustainable and must change. Focus on sustainable development has been at a global level for a long time. Because of various social trends the focus has now moved to a more local level, which has led to that local actors have been given a greater responsibility to society development. Trafikverket (The Swedish Transport Administration) is a Swedish governmental organization that stands for long-term planning of the collective transport system in Sweden. Trafikverket has long played the role of "infrastructure builders," but now wants to develop its identity to become "community developers." Which ought to be the best approach to create a sustainable transport system.

The purpose of this study was to investigate which competencies are considered important in a community developer and what competencies of Trafikverket Region Mitt is different compared to the expected skills of a community developer. A knowledge test was created to examine the level of competence of Trafikverket Region Mitt. The skills tested were communication skills, negotiation skills, pedagogy, social understanding, and analytical skills. The knowledge test was based on interviews and literature studies. The interviewees believed that a community developers main characteristic was to have a broad expertise and that Trafikverket has an important role in social development and should be community developers. Something that the departments of Region Mitt had in common was that they had lowest score in the tests regarding social understanding and pedagogy, while the highest scores were collected on communication skills. However, the complexity of validating the questions proved it difficult to assess the result of the knowledge test.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , iii+43+bilagor p.
Keyword [en]
community development, Trafikverket, sustainable development, competence, knowledge test.
Keyword [sv]
samhällsutveckling, Trafikverket, hållbar utveckling, kompetens, kunskapstest.
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19767OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-19767DiVA: diva2:823387
External cooperation
Trafikverket
Subject / course
Spatial planning
Educational program
Study Programme in Spatial Planning
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-28 Created: 2015-06-18 Last updated: 2015-10-06Bibliographically approved

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