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Lithium salts for advanced lithium batteries: Li-metal, Li-O2, and Li-S
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2538-8104
Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Chalmers University of Technology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
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2015 (English)In: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 8, no 7, 1905-1922 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Presently lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6) is the dominant Li-salt used in commercial rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) based on a graphite anode and a 3-4 V cathode material. While LiPF6 is not the ideal Li-salt for every important electrolyte property, it has a uniquely suitable combination of properties (temperature range, passivation, conductivity, etc.) rendering it the overall best Li-salt for LIBs. However, this may not necessarily be true for other types of Li-based batteries. Indeed, next generation batteries, for example lithium-metal (Li-metal), lithium-oxygen (Li-O2), and lithium-sulfur (Li-S), require a re-evaluation of Li-salts due to the different electrochemical and chemical reactions and conditions within such cells. This review explores the critical role Li-salts play in ensuring in these batteries viability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 8, no 7, 1905-1922 p.
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255709DOI: 10.1039/C5EE01215EISI: 000357541300004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-255709DiVA: diva2:823276
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencySwedish Foundation for Strategic Research
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-17 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Lithium salts for advanced lithium batteries: Li–metal, Li–O2, and Li–S(2745 kB)340 downloads
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Publisher's full texthttp://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5EE01215E

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Younesi, RezaEdström, Kristina

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