The initial phase of the sodium bisulfite pulping of softwood dissolving pulp
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The sulfite pulping process is today practised in only a small number of pulp mills around the globe and the number of sulfite mills that use sodium as the base (cation) is less than five. However, due to the increasing interest in the wood based biorefinery concept, the benefits of sulfite pulping and especially the sodium based variety, has recently gained a lot of interest. It was therefore considered to be of high importance to further study the sodium based sulfite process to investigate if its benefits could be better utilized in the future in the production of dissolving pulps. Of specific interest was to investigate how the pulping conditions in the initial part of the cook (≥ 60 % pulp yield) should be performed in the best way.
Thus, this thesis is focused on the initial phase of single stage sodium bisulfite cooking of either 100 % spruce or 100 % pine wood chips. The cooking experiments were carried out with either a lab prepared or a mill prepared cooking acid and the temperature and cooking time were varied. Activation energies for different wood components were investigated as well as side reactions concerning the formation of thiosulfate and sulfate.
Single stage sodium bisulfite cooking was carried out on either spruce or pine wood chips to investigate the influence of several process parameters in the initial phase of such a cook i.e. between 100 % and 60 % pulp yield. The cooking experiments were carried out with either a lab prepared or a mill prepared cooking acid and the temperature and time in the initial stage were varied. The influence of dissolved organics and inorganics components in the cooking liquor on the final pulp properties and side reactions were investigated. The impact of temperature and time on the pulp components were analyzed with respect to carbohydrates, lignin, extractives and thiosulfate. Kinetic equations were developed and the activation energies for delignification and carbohydrate dissolution were calculated using the Arrhenius equation.
It was found that if using a mill prepared cooking acid, this had a beneficial effect with respect to side reactions, better extractives removal and higher pH stability during the cook, compared to a corresponding cook with a lab prepared cooking acid. Cooking with mill prepared and lab prepared cooking acids showed the same behaviour with respect to delignification and carbohydrate degradation, but the lab acid experiments resulted in a higher thiosulfate formation during the cook. The cellulose yield was not affected at all during the initial phase of the sulfite cook verifying earlier results by other researchers. The temperature had an influence on both the delignification rate and the rate of hemicelluloses removal. The corresponding activation energies were found to increase in the following order; cellulose, xylan, glucomannan and lignin.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2015. , 54 p.
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2015:34
Activation energy, bisulfite pulping, cellulose, delignification, extractives, glucomannan, hemicelluloses, lignin, pine, spruce, thiosulfate, total SO2, xylan
Other Chemical Engineering Chemical Process Engineering
Research subject Chemical Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36494ISBN: 978-91-7063-652-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-36494DiVA: diva2:822982
2015-09-25, 9 C 203, Karlstad University, Karlstad, 13:00 (English)
Ragnar, Martin, Docent
Artikel 1: "The Initial Phase of Sodium Bisulfite Pulping of Spruce: Part 1" ingick i avhandlingen som manuskript. Nu publicerad.2015-09-042015-06-172016-03-31Bibliographically approved
List of papers