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Relationen mellan tidsperspektiv och subjektivt välbefinnande hos äldre vuxna: En tvärsnittsstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Time perspective influences mental health, but few studies have examined the relationship between well-being and time perspective among the elderly. The present study investigates the correlation between time perspective according to S-ZTPI and subjective well-being in older adults. Future-positive, Present-hedonistic and Past-positive were expected to show positive correlations with subjective well-being, and negative correlations with depressive symptoms while Future-negative, Present-fatalistic and Past-negative were expected to show negative correlations with subjective well-being and positive correlations with depressive symptoms. S-ZTPI, CES-D, PSQ-R and two global measures of satisfaction with life were used as measures of the participants time perspective and well-being. The sample consisted of 452 participants age 60-90 years, with 54% women. Hierarchical regression analysis was performed for each dependent variable. The hypotheses were confirmed regarding the past time perspectives and Future-negative. Future-positive exhibited a positive correlation with well-being and satisfaction with life, and a negative correlation with depressive symptoms. The present time perspectives lacked significance in all regression analyses. Results indicate that time perspective is related to subjective well-being and mainly confirm existing studies. 

Abstract [sv]

Människans förhållningssätt till tiden påverkar psykiskt mående, men få studier har undersökt hur äldres mående samvarierar med tidsperspektiv. Denna studie undersöker sambandet mellan tidsperspektiv enligt S-ZTPI och välbefinnande bland äldre. Framtid-positiv, Nutid-hedonistisk och Dåtid-positiv förväntades visa positiva samband med subjektivt välbefinnande och negativa samband med depressiva symtom, medan Framtid-negativ, Nutid-fatalistisk samt Dåtid-negativ förväntades visa negativa samband med subjektivt välbefinnande och positiva samband med depressiva symtom. S-ZTPI, CES-D, PSQ-R och två globala skattningar om tillfredsställelse med livet användes som mått på deltagarnas tidsperspektiv och subjektiva välbefinnande. Studien omfattade 452 deltagare i åldern 60-90 år, där 54 % var kvinnor. Hierarkisk regressionsanalys genomfördes för respektive beroende variabel. Hypoteserna bekräftades gällande dåtidsperspektiven och Framtid-Negativ. Framtid-positiv visade positivt samband med välmående och tillfredsställelse med livet, och negativt samband med depressiva symtom. Nutidsperspektiven saknade signifikans i samtliga regressionsanalyser. Resultaten indikerade således att tidsperspektiv är relaterat till subjektivt välbefinnande och går i linje med tidigare forskning. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 23 p.
Keyword [sv]
tidsperspektiv, subjektivt välbefinnande, tillfredställelse med livet, välmående, åldrande
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105029DiVA: diva2:822811
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-10-22 Created: 2015-06-17 Last updated: 2015-10-22Bibliographically approved

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