USE OF MODELS IN SCIENCE TEXTBOOKS IN AFGHANISTAN: Analysis of science textbooks of grade 10-12 of Afghan schools from a model perspective.
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Models are very useful and are vital tools in school education, because they can improve learning and enhance students’ scientific thinking and communication. Models also contribute to students to handle science. In Afghan schools education models are mostly used in text books. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate that how models and their different types are used in Afghan science textbooks. To ascertain the view point of science teachers on the use of models, questionnaire was developed and distributed to them in the Kabul city.
In conducting this study, quantitative method was used. For analysis all science textbooks of grades 10-12 were chosen and 120 distributed questionnaires were collected as well. First of all, the frequency of models was counted. The frequency of models in textbooks, science subjects and school grades (i.e. grade 10, 11 and 12) were compared. Second, the frequency of teachers’ views about models, importance of models, models in textbooks and in general models in science education were presented.
The result found that Afghan science textbooks of secondary education involve models. Around 86% of the second level chapters of textbooks include models. According to teachers views model are very useful for learning and teaching. Models could improve students’ scientific thinking and communication. Also teachers stated that models facilitate and ease learning process and improve learners’ participation in that process. They regarded that new and multiple models should be used in science textbooks.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Textbooks, Models, Afghan Educational System, Science Education.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36454OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-36454DiVA: diva2:822530
Subject / course
Master of Education and Didactics (60/120 credits)