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Mötet med asylsökande: Distriktssköterskans förmåga att identifiera, bedöma och hantera psykisk ohälsa
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Asylsökande löper större risk att drabbas av psykisk ohälsa än den generella befolkningen, på grund av traumatiska händelser och förlusten av kultur och stöd. Sjukvårdspersonal behöver kunskap om asylsökandes specifika vårdbehov för sin psykiska hälsa och inneha en kulturell kompetens för att kunna ge en personcentrerad vård. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur distriktssköterskor skattade sin egen förmåga att identifiera, bedöma och hantera psykisk ohälsa hos asylsökande. Metod: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie med enkät som datainsamlingsmetod har utförts. Enkäten besvarades av 53 distriktssköterskor. Deskriptiv statistik har använts för att analysera data. Resultat: Det visade sig att flertalet av distriktssköterskorna (55,8 %) i ganska hög grad ansåg sig kunna identifiera psykisk ohälsa hos asylsökande. Däremot ansåg 53 procent av distriktssköterskorna att de i låg grad kunde tillgodose de asylsökandes psykiska och sociala omvårdnadsbehov. Distriktssköterskorna i studien skattade sin egen kulturella kompetens som bristfällig. Slutsats: Distriktssköterskorna anser sig behöva mer kunskap om asylsökandes rättigheter till vård för att kunna ge dem den vård de är berättigade till för sin psykiska ohälsa. Distriktssköterskors kulturella kompetens behöver förstärkas genom möjligheter till utbildning.

Abstract [en]

Background: Asylum seekers are more likely to suffer from mental illness than the general population, due to their experiences of traumatic events and the loss of culture and support. Healthcare professionals need to have knowledge about asylum seekers specific health care needs of their mental health and possess a cultural competence in order to provide a person centered care. Aim: The study's aim was to investigate how primary care nurses rated their own ability to identify, assess and manage the mental health of asylum seekers. Method: A quantitative cross-sectional study with questionnaires as data collection method has been carried out. The questionnaire was answered by 53 primary care nurses. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Result: The result showed that most of the of primary care nurses (55,8 %) in fairly high degree felt able to identify mental illness among asylum seekers. In contrast 53 percent of the primary care nurses considered that they in low extent were able to meet asylum seekers care needs. The primary care nurses in the study hade a lack of cultural competence. Conclusion: Primary care nurses consider themselves to need more knowledge about the asylum seekers´ right in health care, in order to give them the care they are entitled to for their mental illness. The cultural competence of primary care nurses need to be improved, by giving them access to education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , p. 45
Keywords [en]
Asylum seekers, cultural competence, mental illness and primary care nurses.
Keywords [sv]
Asylsökande, distriktssköterskor, kulturell kompetens och psykisk ohälsa.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-44509OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-44509DiVA, id: diva2:821840
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap; Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Primary Health Care, 75 credits; Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Primary Health Care, 75 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-18 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2015-06-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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