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Patienters upplevelser av laxering inför datortomografi undersökning av tjocktarmen
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients experience of bowel preparation before a computed tomography examination of the colon. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Vid en datortomografi undersökning av tjocktarmen är laxering ett moment som måste utföras för att få ett bra diagnostiskt resultat. Med restavföring kvar i tarmen kan det ge ett falskt utseende som polyper och tumörer.  Många patienter anser att det är laxeringen som är jobbigare än själva undersökningen.

Syftet med studien är att ta studera på patienters upplevelser gällande laxering och se om det finns en skillnad i upplevelser mellan kvinnor och män och i laxeringsmetoderna Phosphoral och Fecal tagging inför en datortomografi undersökning av tjocktarmen.

Metod och urval är kvantitativ metod och utförd på två röntgenkliniker i Sverige som använder varsin laxeringsmetod. En enkätundersökning med 11 frågor i likert-skala med intervall 1-5 användes.

Resultatet angav att kvinnor upplevde det mer jobbigt än vad männen upplevde. Informationen uppfattade båda könen som bra och var lätt att förstå. Metoderna urskildes genom att Phosphoral var metoden som var mest illasmakande och gav tendens till illamående men en bra information. Fecal tagging ansågs som den metod som uppfattades som mest jobbig, gav tendens till magont samt en svårare information att förstå.

Slutsatsen av studien visade att patienterna var nöjda med information de fick och visste hur viktig undersökningen var samt att de skulle kunna göra om laxeringsförberedelse om de behövdes. Det finns utrymme för förbättring inom laxeringstiden, smak och färre laxeringspreparat.

Abstract [en]

Computed tomography examinations of the colon, good bowel preparations are needed to get good diagnostic results. Residual stool left in the colon can give a false appearance of polyps and tumors. Many patients think the bowel preparation is more difficult than the examination itself.

The aim of this study is to investigate patient experiences of bowel preparation. To see if there is a difference in terms of gender and bowel preparation methods.

The study had a quantitative approach and was performed at two radiology clinics in Sweden that use different bowel preparation methods. A questionnaire with 11 questions in likert-scale with intervals of 1-5 was used.

The result indicate that women experiences the bowel preparation as more difficult than the men. The information was from both genders perceived as good and easy to understand. The Sodium phosphate method was experienced as the most unpleasant and gave tendency to nausea, and information about it was good. Fecal tagging was considered as the most difficult since it also gave tendency to stomach pain and came with difficult information. The study concludes that the patient was pleased with the information they received, and knew how important the survey was and would may do bowels preparation again if it needed. However, there are room for improvement in the time of bowel preparation, the taste and fewer different care products was wanted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
computed tomography, bowel preparation, sodium phosphate, fecal tagging, experience.
Keyword [sv]
: Datortomografi, tjocktarms undersökning, laxering, upplevelser, Phosphoral, Fecal tagging.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-27218ISRN: JU-HHJ-RAD-1-20150005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-27218DiVA: diva2:821803
Subject / course
HHJ, Radiography
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-22 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2016-06-16Bibliographically approved

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