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States’ defense policy formation: A study of Sweden in front of the election 2014 from a rational choice perspective
Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study uses variables derived from Rational Choice Theory to examine the theory’s predicted covariancebetween public opinion and the parties’ policies. The collection of material has been guided by three arenas: the parliamentarian, the media and the voter’s. It has categorized the analysis based on the strategy concept, using ends, means and ways. It asks how the Moderate Party and the Social Democratic Party changed their strategy within the period of 31 May 2013 and 14 September 2014, and how this can be understood from a rational choice perspective. The purpose of the study is to examine the assumptions of Rational Choice Theory in the Swedish context in front of the election in 2014, and to understand this from the perspective of the theory. This can help in our understanding of defense policy formation and to our understanding of states’ relations on the international arena. The results show that there has been a more ambitious change in defense policy which covariates with the indicated positive change in public opinion on defense issues, but this did not make defense issues one of the 2014 election’s most important questions for the voters in choice of party to vote for. This can be understood as rational, seen from a RCT-perspective, since the other issues renders more support, a circumstance that is in line with the history of Swedish elections. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Rational Choice Theory, strategy, public opinion, Sweden, the moderate party, the Social Democratic Party, defense policy
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5434OAI: diva2:821678
Subject / course
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot säkerhetspolitik
Available from: 2015-09-10 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2015-11-04Bibliographically approved

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