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Neighborhood and Friendship Composition in Adolescence
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ja cobs University Bremen.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2010 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The social surroundings in which the individual grows up and spends her everyday life have an effect on her life chances. Much of the research into this phenomenon focuses on so called neighborhood effects and has put particular emphasis on the negative effects of growing up in a poor neighborhood. Originating from the sociological study of inner city problems in the United States, the research question has recently been embraced by Scandinavian social scientists, who assess the phenomenon with reference to social network effects and the lock-in effects of ethnic enclaves. We critique the theoretical assumptions that we find in recent Scandinavian research, and argue that a straightforward interpretation of neighborhood effects in terms of network effects is problematic. Our argument is based on an empirical analysis of friendship circles of ninth-graders in Stockholm (n=240). We conclude that the friendship networks of ninth-graders extend well beyond the neighborhood, thus casting serious doubt on the network effects assumption of previous research. We also conclude that there is nothing in the reality of these ninth-graders that confirms the established concept of ethnic enclave.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 30 p.
Series
SULCIS reports and working papers, ISSN 1654-1189 ; 2010:13
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118307OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-118307DiVA: diva2:821613
Available from: 2015-06-15 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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Output format
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