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Struggling nation: Baltic refugees in the Swedish party press, 1906
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In 1906 groups of Baltic refugees were arriving in Stockholm, fleeing repression after popular uprisings against the nobility and the Russian tsar in the Baltic provinces of the Russian empire. Their arrival coincided with major social transformations in Swedish society, where groups whom were denied to participate in Swedish politics called the concept of nationhood into question. At the same time the Swedish press market was expanding in an unprecedented rate, with a rich supply of politically engaged newspapers. Where earlier research has shown how more recent depictions of immigrants and refugees in the Swedish press tend to suffer from a democratic shortage of voices and perspectives, little is still known of the ways of representing during the Baltic refugees’ arrival. The intention of this study is to explore and problematize the room for political antagonism, in relation to national consensus, in the Swedish press market of the early 20th Century. The study analyzes and compares the representation of Baltic refugees, during March in 1906, from three politically diverse newspapers with distribution in the Stockholm area. By employing Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) the representation is studied in relation to the ongoing social transformations in Swedish society at the time. Special attention has been devoted to how class, gender, and ethnic relations are actualized in the relations between newspaper, intended audience, and the represented refugees. The results are then recontextualized in relation to the Swedish suffrage struggle. A key argument is that the representations were subordinated to different nationalist discourses that brought the concept of nation into political antagonism, and allowed for a variation in the social relations that were actualized in the representations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 54 p.
Keyword [en]
Nation, nationalism, Sweden, party press, democracy, journalism, immigrants, refugees, representation, class, gender, ethnicity, Critical Discourse Analysis
National Category
Media Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118207OAI: diva2:821180
Available from: 2015-06-15 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2015-06-15Bibliographically approved

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