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Sjuksköterskors attityder till psykisk ohälsa: en kvantitativ enkätundersökning
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNING

Det finns stora skillnader i hälsa mellan olika grupper i samhället gällande bemötande och den vård som erbjuds. Personer med psykiatriska sjukdomar har ökad ohälsa och kortare livslängd. Det har också visat sig att denna grupp ofta får sämre somatisk vård och inte tillgång till rekommenderade läkemedel i samma omfattning som andra patienter. Detta beror på att vården, liksom samhället i stort, fungerar inom en ram av diskriminerande strukturer som skapas av dominerande attityder och värderingar i samhället. Det är därför viktigt att belysa svenska sjuksköterskors attityder till psykisk ohälsa.

Syfte: Att undersöka sjuksköterskors attityder till psykisk ohälsa inom den somatiska vården.

Metod: Kvantitativ studiedesign, datainsamling via webbenkät med egenkonstruerade påstående, inspirerade av enkäten MICA (Mental Illness: Clinicians’ Attitudes Scale). Urvalet bestod av 103 specialistsjuksköterskestuderande vid ett universitet i Mellansverige. Svarsfrekvensen var 59 enkäter, enkätsvaren samlades in vårterminen 2015.

Resultat: Sjuksköterskorna i denna studie visar ingen hög grad av negativa attityder till psykisk ohälsa eller mot personer med psykisk ohälsa. Sjuksköterskans ålder har viss betydelse för vilka attityder hen har till psykisk ohälsa. Detta visar sig tydligt i påståendet, ”Personer med psykisk ohälsa är farligare för sin omgivning än personer utan psykisk ohälsa”. 45 % av sjuksköterskorna som var under 35 år instämde helt eller delvis i detta påstående jämfört med sjuksköterskor över 35 år där 29 % svarade att de instämde och 71 % instämde inte i påståendet.

Slutsats: Denna studie visar att sjuksköterskor inom den somatiska vården har olika grad av negativa attityder, främst beroende på sjuksköterskans ålder. Sjuksköterskor i åldern under 35 år har en högre grad av negativa attityder än sjuksköterskor över 35 år.

Nyckelord: stigma, sjuksköterska, psykisk ohälsa, attityder

Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

There are large differences in health between different groups in our society in terms of the treatment and the care offered. People with psychiatric illness have increased illness and a shorter life expectancy. It has also been shown that this group often get worse somatic care and no access to recommended drugs in the same extent as other patients. This is due to the care, as well as society in general, works within a framework of discriminatory structures created by the dominant attitudes and values ​​in society. It is therefore important to highlight the Swedish nurses’ attitudes to mental illness.

Aim: To examine nurses' attitudes towards mental illness in somatic care.

Method: Quantitative study design, data collection through a web-survey with self-designed statements, inspired by the survey MICA (Mental Illness: Clinicians' Attitudes Scale). The sample consisted of 103 specialist-nursing students at a university in central Sweden. The response rate was 59 surveys, survey responses were collected spring term 2015.

Results: The nurses in this study show no high levels of negative attitudes to mental illness, or against people with mental illness. The nurse’s age has some importance to the attitudes towards mental illness. This shows up clearly in the statement, "Persons with mental illness are more dangerous to their environment than people without mental illness." 45% of the nurses who were under the age of 35 years agreed fully or partly with this statement, compared with nurses over the age of 35 years where 29% said they agreed and 71% disagreed with the statement.

Conclusion: This study shows that nurses in somatic care have different levels of negative attitudes, mainly due to the nurse's age. Nurses under the age of 35 years have more negative attitudes compared to nurses over the age of 35 years.

Keywords: stigma, nurse, mental health, attitudes

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Stigma, nurse, mental health and attitudes
Keywords [sv]
Stigma, sjuksköterska, psykisk ohälsa och attityder
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255112OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-255112DiVA, id: diva2:820903
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot psykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-12 Last updated: 2015-06-17Bibliographically approved

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