Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Well-being and work conditions of hospital employees in Iceland and Sweden: A cross-cultural comparison of job-demands, job resources, self-efficacy and intention to quit
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine and compare job demand and resource perception of hospital employees in Iceland and Sweden as well as their self-efficacy and intention to quit. These variables have high predictability for attitudes and behavior. Since the two countries were impacted differently by the global financial crisis of 2008, it is interesting to investigate whether these factors differ between them. A cross-sectional data was collected in public hospitals among specialized and unspecialized healthcare employees who responded to a self-administrated questionnaire. Quantitative methodology was used to analyze the differences between the groups. A MANOVA revealed no significant differences in resource perception, self-efficacy and intention to quit. However, unexpectedly, perception of job demands was significantly higher in Sweden. The literature behind this comparison sheds a light on how work conditions and employee well-being can be improved by managing resources and demands. It yields insight into how improvements can be wrought in such a complex system as healthcare in times of financial restrictions. On a practical level, this study emphasizes the importance of fair demands and good resources as a key to well-being because balanced levels of these factors enable employees to respond effectively to their work environment, be more satisfied, motivated, have high self-efficacy and be less likely to quit their jobs. Finally, areas were identified where future research is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
job demands, job resources, self-efficacy, intention to quit, employee well-being, hospital employees, economical crisis, Iceland, Sweden, cross-cultural comparison
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-43989OAI: diva2:820552
External cooperation
Hjalti Einarsson MSc, Jón Friðrik Sigurðsson PhD
Subject / course
Educational program
Psychology, work and organizational psychology, Master Programme, 120 credits
2015-06-03, K1210, Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, 14:36 (English)
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-10 Last updated: 2015-06-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

ThesisRHS(253 kB)120 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 253 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sæmundsdóttir, Ragnheiður Helga
By organisation
Department of Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 120 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 1250 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link