Well-being and work conditions of hospital employees in Iceland and Sweden: A cross-cultural comparison of job-demands, job resources, self-efficacy and intention to quit
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The aim of this study was to examine and compare job demand and resource perception of hospital employees in Iceland and Sweden as well as their self-efficacy and intention to quit. These variables have high predictability for attitudes and behavior. Since the two countries were impacted differently by the global financial crisis of 2008, it is interesting to investigate whether these factors differ between them. A cross-sectional data was collected in public hospitals among specialized and unspecialized healthcare employees who responded to a self-administrated questionnaire. Quantitative methodology was used to analyze the differences between the groups. A MANOVA revealed no significant differences in resource perception, self-efficacy and intention to quit. However, unexpectedly, perception of job demands was significantly higher in Sweden. The literature behind this comparison sheds a light on how work conditions and employee well-being can be improved by managing resources and demands. It yields insight into how improvements can be wrought in such a complex system as healthcare in times of financial restrictions. On a practical level, this study emphasizes the importance of fair demands and good resources as a key to well-being because balanced levels of these factors enable employees to respond effectively to their work environment, be more satisfied, motivated, have high self-efficacy and be less likely to quit their jobs. Finally, areas were identified where future research is needed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 36 p.
job demands, job resources, self-efficacy, intention to quit, employee well-being, hospital employees, economical crisis, Iceland, Sweden, cross-cultural comparison
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-43989OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-43989DiVA: diva2:820552
Hjalti Einarsson MSc, Jón Friðrik Sigurðsson PhD
Subject / course
Psychology, work and organizational psychology, Master Programme, 120 credits
2015-06-03, K1210, Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, 14:36 (English)
Ozolins, Andrejs, Lektor
Rennemark, Mikael, Professor