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Vård i hemmet - kroniskt sjuka äldre personers upplevelser
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Home care - chronically ill older people's experiences (English)
Abstract [sv]

Antalet äldre som bor kvar i sina hem och får hemtjänst ökar. Anhöriga står för en stor del av vården för de äldre i hemmet. Syftet med studien var att belysa äldre, kroniskt sjuka personers upplevelser av att vårdas i hemmet. Studien genomfördes som en integrativ litteraturstudie, vilken leder till en djupare förståelse och en mer heltäckande bild av ett visst fenomen. Äldre upplevde utanförskap som ett resultat av att bli behandlade som objekt. Samhörighet i ömsesidiga relationer med anhöriga och vårdgivare gav en positiv upplevelse av att vårdas i hemmet. Äldre som vårdades helt eller delvis av anhöriga upplevde att de fick hjälp av någon som kände deras rutiner och önskemål. Det upplevdes naturligt att vårdas av anhöriga, men gav också en känsla av oro och rädsla att vara en börda. Hemmet var en viktig plats för den äldre kroniskt sjuka personen, eftersom hemmet representerar identitet, integritet och historia och gav en känsla av inre lugn. Studien visade att det behövs mer tid, personal och kunskap i hemsjukvården för att tillgodose äldres behov och minska känslan av utanförskap. Fler kvalitativa studier behövs för att belysa upplevelsen av att vårdas i hemmet och därmed öka kunskapen om hur vårdgivare kan bemöta äldre kroniskt sjuka i hemmet.

Abstract [en]

The amount of elderly receiving care in their homes is increasing, where informal care account for a large part. The purpose of this study is to highlight the experiences of receiving care at home for elderly, chronically ill. The study was conducted as an integrative literature review, which contributes to a deeper understanding and an overall view of a certain phenomenon. Elderly felt alienated as a result of being treated as objects. Sense of affinity in mutual relationships with family and caregivers inflicted a positive experience of receiving care at home. Elderly, which completely or partly received informal care, felt that they were cared for by someone who knows their routines and needs. Informal care felt natural, but it also gave the care receiver a sense of anxiety and fear of being a burden. The home is an important place for the elderly chronically ill, since the home represents identity, integrity and history and gives a feeling of inner peace. The study showed that more time, personnel and knowledge is required in home care in order to consider the needs of the elderly and to reduce their sense of alienation. More qualitative studies are necessary to highlight their experience and to extend the knowledge of how the caregivers can respond to the elderly chronically ill in their homes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Aged, experience, health, home, home health care
Keyword [sv]
Hemmet, hemsjukvård, hälsa, upplevelse, äldre
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28499OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-28499DiVA: diva2:819763
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-11 Last updated: 2015-06-17Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(718 kB)420 downloads
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efb628c4b3d07b66982cd29289dbe084ffa4c0e4a224810bc7ee9986dd4258ef7f9c9dfef3e6b89c2bfb35dddcc931866c68c6d349a2101be0543581d86eda45
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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