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Självskattning av exekutiva funktioner vid kognitiv träning: En utvärdering av The behavior rating inventory of executive functioning - self report
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Self Rating of Executive Functioning After Cognitive Training : An Evaluation of The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning - Self Report (English)
Abstract [sv]

Traditionellt utvärderas effekter av kognitiv träning med objektiva prestationsmått. Syftet med uppsatsen var att undersöka självskattad exekutiv funktion som ett alternativt mått för att utvärdera effekter av kognitiv träning. Som utfallsmått valdes The behavior rating inventory of executive functioning - self report (BRIEF-SR). Vidare användes blandad design med för- och eftermätning samt tre oberoende grupper. Gymnasieelever (n = 63) delades in i; aktiv träningsgrupp, aktiv placebogrupp och passiv kontrollgrupp. Tränings- och placebogruppen genomförde datoriserad kognitiv träning med respektive utan adaptiv svårighetsgrad. ANCOVA med arbetsminneskapacitet som kovariat visade inga signifikanta träningseffekter på självskattade exekutiva funktioner, oavsett grupptillhörighet. Sammantaget kan BRIEF-SR vara ett lämpligt instrument vid utvärdering av kognitiv träning när ekologisk validitet prioriteras. Resultaten diskuteras avseende inverkan av tid mellan för- och eftermätning, population och förväntanseffekter.

Abstract [en]

Performance based measures have been the Golden standard when evaluating effects of cognitive training. By using The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning-Self Report (BRIEF-SR), this thesis aimed to explore self- rating scales as an alternative when evaluating effects of cognitive training. A sample of high school students (n = 63) and a mixed- effect model with pre- and post-measurements were chosen. The students were divided into three groups: active training, training with placebo or passive control. The two groups in training practiced with a computerized cognitive training program. The two training groups practiced with an adaptive and non-adaptive computer program, respectively.  With working memory as covariate ANCOVA reported no significant effects on self-rated executive functions independent of group condition. In sum, if ecological validity is of priority BRIEF-SR can be considered when measuring effects following cognitive training. In addition the results are discussed with regards to time between pre- and post-measurements, population and effects of expectancy. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Self rating, self measure, executive functioning, cognitive training, The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning – SR, self report, BRIEF-SR, ANCOVA, transfer, effects of training, ecological validity, placebo, effects of placebo, expectations, objective performance measures, working memory, shifting, attention, inhibition, updating
Keyword [sv]
självskattning, exekutiva funktioner, kognitiv träning, The behavior rating inventory of executive functioning – sr, self report, BRIEF-SR, ANCOVA, arbetsminnesträning, generalisering, transfer, utvärdering, träningseffekter, ekologisk validitet, placeboeffekter, placeboträning, förväntning, objektiva prestationsmått, arbetsminne, skifta uppmärksamhet, inhibering, uppdatering
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-104288OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-104288DiVA: diva2:819158
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Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
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Effekter av kognitiv träning på skolprestationer och självreglering av beteende (dnr 1,2009/0 018,5-0)
Available from: 2015-06-15 Created: 2015-06-09 Last updated: 2016-03-08Bibliographically approved

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Självskattning av exekutiva funktioner vid kognitiv träning: En utvärdering av The behavior rating inventory of executive functioning - self report av Jakonsson., E & Stocke., E.(526 kB)460 downloads
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