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Patienters upplevelse av Basal Kroppskännedom efter avslutad behandling: En kvalitativ intervjustudie speglad ur socialkognitiv teori
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Basic Body Awereness Therapy (BBAT) is a treatment developed to treat different kinds of psychiatric diagnoses, but also to prevent the emergence of any other unhealthy conditions. The treatment is aimed to increase the body control and conscious breathing but also requires mental awareness.

Aim: The aim of this study is to, based on social cognitive theory, describe patients' experiences of BBAT performed as group therapy.

Method: The study design was qualitative with an inductive approach. Five people were interviewed after a BBAT group treatment in primary care. The data was collected by individual interviews with semi-structured questions and the interviews were analysed by qualitative content analysis.

Result/Conclusion: The participants experienced increased body awareness and implemented BBAT strategies even though the treatment frequency was insufficient. BBAT was described as helpful used to regulate intensity level, stress management and facilitate breathing. Furthermore was the group experience motivating and inspiring where everyone could be anonymous. The underlying mechanisms behind the experiences can be analyzed using concepts from the social cognitive theory. This enables a detailed picture of participant behavior and can therefore justify the use of SCT as an aid in describing behaviors in the future.

Keywords: behavioral medicine, outcome expectancies, physiotherapy, primary care, self regulation

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Basal Kroppskännedom (BK) är en behandlingsform som utvecklats för att behandla olika typer av psykiska diagnoser, men också för att förhindra uppkomsten av andra ohälsosamma tillstånd. Behandlingen syftar till att öka kroppskontroll och medveten andning och kräver mental närvaro.

Syfte: Syftet med studien är att utifrån socialkognitiv teori beskriva patienters upplevelse av BK utfört som gruppbehandling.

 

Metod: Designen var kvalitativ med induktiv ansats. Fem personer intervjuades efter genomförd BK-träning som gruppbehandling inom primärvården. Datainsamlingen gjordes genom individuella intervjuer med semistrukturerande frågor. Materialet analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat/Slutsats: Deltagarna upplevde ökad kroppsmedvetenhet och genomförde BK-strategier trots att behandlingsfrekvensen ansågs otillräcklig. BK beskrevs som hjälpande för att reglera intensitetsnivå, hantera stress och underlätta andning. Dessutom var upplevelsen av gruppen motiverande och inspirerande där alla kunde vara anonyma. Upplevelserna kan analyseras med begrepp ifrån den socialkognitiva teorin. Detta möjliggör en fördjupad bild av deltagares beteende och kan därför motivera användandet av SCT som hjälpmedel för att beskriva upplevelser i framtiden. 

Nyckelord: beteendemedicin, primärvård, sjukgymnastik, självreglering, utfallsförväntningar

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-28178OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-28178DiVA: diva2:818401
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Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-09 Created: 2015-06-08 Last updated: 2015-06-09Bibliographically approved

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