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Prediktorer för sprintförmåga på is hos elitishockeyspelare.: Kan prestation på is förutspås av styrke- och spänsttester?
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

BAKGRUND: Ishockey är en stor idrott med över 80000 aktiva spelare i Sverige.

SYFTE: Syftet med denna studie var att fastställa huruvida det finns korrelation mellan tester rekommenderade av Svenska Ishockeyförbundet och prestationsförmåga på is. Vidare skulle testresultaten ställas i relation till antropometriska värden.

METOD: Studiepopulationen rekryterades från hockeylag i division I. Testerna 1RM knäböj, stående längdhopp samt sergants jump utfördes enligt Svenska Ishockeyförbundets rekommenderade förfarande. Prestationsförmåga på is mättes genom 17 m sprintlopp. Korrelationen mellan testerna och prestation på is beräknades med pearsons korrelationskoeffecient. P<0.05 betraktades som signifikant.

RESULTAT: Totalt rekryterades 34 ishockeyspelare från division 1 (100 % män, medel ± SD: ålder 22,7 ±2.24 år; vikt 85,3 ±6,4 kg; längd 182 ±6 cm). Av utförda tester var det endast 1RM knäböj/kroppsvikt-ratiot som med statistisk signifikans visades korrelera med prestationsförmågan på is (r=0,389, p=0,049). Övriga tester uppvisade ingen statistisk signifikans.

SLUTSATS: Studiens resultat pekar mot att det finns en svag statistiskt signifikant korrelation mellan 1RM knäböj/kroppsvikt-ratio och sprintförmåga på is. Knäböj/kroppsvikt-ratiot svarar dock endast för en liten del av prestationsförmågan på is, varvid knäböjens starka position som grundövning utanför isen bör ifrågasättas.

Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Ice hockey is a large sport with over 80000 active players in Sweden.

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether there are correlations between tests recommended by the Swedish Ice Hockey Federation and on-ice performance. The results were also to be examined in relation to antropometric values.

METHOD: The studypopulation was recruited from Swedish tier-III teams. The 1RM squat, standing long jump sand sergants jump were performed as described by the Swedish Ice Hockey Federations guidelines. On-ice performance was measured by a 17m sprint. The correlation between off- and on-ice tests were calculated using pearsons correlation coefficient. Statistical significance was set to P<0.05.

RESULTS: Thirtyfour male ice hockey players from Swedish tier-III were recruited for the study (100% men, mean ± SD: age 22,7 ±2.24 years; weight 85,3 ±6,4 kg; length 182 ±6 cm). Out of the performed tests only 1RM squat/bodywight-ratio showed a statistical significant correlation to on-ice performance (r=0,389, p=0,049). The other tests did not show statistical significance.

CONCLUSION: The results points towards a weak statistical significant correlation between 1RM squat/bodywight-ratio and on-ice sprinting ability. The 1RM squat/bodyweight-ratio however explained a small portion of on-ice performance, hence the squats strong position as basic exercise off-ice should be questioned. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Ice hockey, skating, squat, standing long jump, vertical jump
Keyword [sv]
Ishockey, knäböj, skridskoåkning, stående längdhopp, vertikalhopp.
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-43692OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-43692DiVA: diva2:818227
Subject / course
Sport Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-09 Created: 2015-06-05 Last updated: 2015-06-09Bibliographically approved

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