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Effekten av empowerment vid egenvård för personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The effect of empowerment on self-care for people with diabetes mellitus type 2 (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetes mellitus typ 2 förväntas öka drastiskt de kommande åren. För att uppnå förändring behöver personerna få insikt och förståelse för sambandet mellan delar i egenvård. Empowerment har visat sig vara av betydelse för att uppnå egenkontroll och självständighet i egenvård.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva effekten av empowerment på egenvård hos personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt har genomförts baserad på vetenskapliga artiklar med kvantitativ design och analyserades enligt Fribergs trestegsmodell.

Resultat: Resultatet är en sammanställning av totalt tio artiklar bestående av ett sjukdoms- specifikt- eller patientdrivet program innehållande empowermentinterventioner. Intervention- erna visar på olika förbättringar i utfallen fysisk aktivitet, kosthållning, kunskap och attityder, egenmätning av blodglukos samt tillfredsställelse och livskvalitet i det dagliga livet. Utfall i egenvård har påvisat en signifikant effekt på reducerad blodglukosnivå i samtliga artiklar.

Slutsats: Genom hela litteraturöversikten har effekter av empowerment bevisats ha en bety- delse då deltagarna har erhållit en förbättrad egenvård efter interventionerna. 

Abstract [en]

Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus type 2 is expected to rise dramatically within the upcoming years. To achieve a difference, the persons need insight and understand- ing regarding the connections of the elements in the self-care. Patient empowerment has shown to be of great importance when it comes to being able to take control of their self-care.

Aim: The aim was to describe the effect of empowerment on self-care in patients with diabe- tes mellitus type 2.

Method: An overview of the literature was used, including relevant articles with a quantita- tive design analyzed according to Fribergs three step model.

Results: The result is a compilation of a total of ten articles consisting of either a disease- specific or a patient-driven program containing interventions of empowerment. The interven- tion shows a variation of improvements in the events of physical activity, diet, knowledge and attitudes, the self-measurement of blood glucose together with an increased life quality and satisfaction in the everyday life. The outcome in self-care has shown a significant effect con- sidering the reduction in the blood glucose level in all of the articles.

Conclusion: Throughout the literature review, it’s been found that empowerment has shown to be an important and positive factor to patients health and treatment programs, as patients have improved and maintained self-care as a result of interventions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Blood glucose measurement, physical activity, intervention diet, quality of life
Keywords [sv]
Blodglukosmätning, fysisk aktivitet, intervention, kosthållning, livskvalitet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-26993OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-26993DiVA, id: diva2:817788
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-09 Created: 2015-06-06 Last updated: 2015-06-09Bibliographically approved

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