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Logopedisk gruppbehandling för barn med språkstörning
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Speech and Language Group Therapy for Children with Language Impairment (English)
Abstract [sv]

Föreliggande studie syftar till att med hjälp av interaktionsanalys utifrån CA-principer (Conversation Analysis) undersöka interaktion i logopedisk gruppbehandling för barn med språkstörning samt att undersöka huruvida behandling implementeras i hemmiljö. Interaktion mellan såväl barn, logopeder som vårdnadshavare belyses. Materialet i föreliggande studie samlades in på en logopedmottagning i södra Sverige samt i deltagarnas hemmiljö. Totalt filmades sju behandlingstillfällen, fördelat på två olika grupper. Fem behandlingstillfällen filmandes från en av grupperna varav de resterande två spelades in i den andra gruppen. Totalt deltog tre logopeder, åtta barn och elva vårdnadshavare. Två av de deltagande logopederna intervjuades. Utöver detta genomfördes intervjuer med två av de deltagande vårdnadshavarna via telefon. Filmer från två av de deltagande barnens hemmiljö samlades in varpå samtliga filmer grovtranskriberades och delar valdes ut för fintranskription och vidare analys utifrån CA-principer. I studien framkommer att logopeder använder sig av eliciteringsstrategier i form av imitationsbaserade strategier samt modellmeningar för att elicitera språklig produktion. Behandlingsstrategier som förekommer är tecken till tal samt omformuleringar. Ytterligare fenomen som belyses är reparationer, återkopplingar samt ansiktsbevarande interaktionsstrategier. Studien visar att det finns en asymmetri i interaktionen mellan barn och logopeder, men att interaktionen stundvis avviker från samtal av det institutionella slaget. Utifrån hemmafilmer indikeras att behandlingsstrategier i form av tecken har implementerats hos en av vårdnadshavarna samt att omformuleringar används i interaktionen mellan två av vårdnadshavarna och deras barn.

Abstract [en]

The study objective was to investigate interaction in speech and language therapy groups for children with language impairment and to investigate whether treatment was implemented in the home environment. The material was collected from a speech and language therapy center in the south of Sweden and from the participants’ home environment. In total, seven video recordings were made of speech and language therapy sessions in two different groups. Five sessions were recorded in one of the groups, and the remaining two were recorded in the second group. Three SLPs, eight children and eleven parents participated in the study. Interviews with two of the participating SLPs and two of the participating parents were conducted. Video recordings from a home setting were collected from two of the participating children. All of the collected video recorded material was transcribed and analyzed according to principles of Conversation Analysis. The results show that the SLPs in therapy use imitation-based and modelling strategies to elicitate language production. Manual signs and recasts were found to be used as treatment strategies. Other phenomena in treatment were repairs, feedback and face-saving strategies. The study highlights the asymmetry in the interaction between children and SLPs, but also shows that the interaction sometimes departs from interaction of an institutional kind. The results indicate that one of the participating parents has implemented manual signs in the interaction during treatment as well as in the home environment. The study shows that two parents use recasts in the interaction with their children.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 65 p.
Keyword [en]
Language impairment, interaction analysis, Conversation Analysis, group treatment, implementation
Keyword [sv]
Barn med språkstörning, interaktionsanalys, Conversation Analysis, gruppbehandling, implementering
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118666OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-118666DiVA: diva2:816385
Subject / course
Master (one year thesis)/Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-03 Created: 2015-06-03 Last updated: 2015-06-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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