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Socioemotionell hälsa hos treåringar i Västerbotten
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Tidig socioemotionell hälsa har visat sig ha betydelse för barnets senare utveckling (Leuzinger-Bohleber, 2014). Om problem i denna uppstår kan det leda till psykisk ohälsa vilket gör det viktigt att tidigt undersöka barns socioemotionella hälsa. Syftet med studien var att undersöka socioemotionell hälsa hos treåringar i Västerbotten. Vidare, att undersöka om det finns könsskillnader samt om det finns ett samband med kostvanor. För att undersöka detta användes självskattningsinstrumentet Ages & Stages Questionnaire: Social Emotional (ASQ:SE) där föräldrar till treåringar (N = 878) skattade barnets  socioemotionella hälsa. Resultatet visade att 6 % av de treåringar som ingick i studien skattades över riskvärdet samt att pojkar skattades ha sämre socioemotionell hälsa än flickor. Vidare visade resultatet att nyttig kost har ett signifikant men svagt samband med bättre socioemotionell hälsa. Antal månader med enbart bröstmjölk visade inga samband. Sammanfattningsvis tyder resultaten på att treåringar i Västerbotten har en god socioemotionell hälsa och flickor mår lite bättre än pojkar. Vidare visar studien att kost kan ha betydelse för den socioemotionella hälsan hos treåringar men det behöver undersökas mer i framtida studier.


Abstract [en]

Early social-­emotional health has proved to be important for the child's later development (Leuzinger-­Bohleber, 2014). If deficiencies occur this can lead to mental illness, which makes it important to examine children’s social-­emotional health at an early stage. The aim of this study was to examine social-­emotional health of three-­year-­olds in Västerbotten, Sweden. Furthermore, to examine gender differences and if there is an association with eating habits. The self-­assessment tool Ages & Stages Questionnaire: Social-­Emotional (ASQ:SE) was used to let parents of three year olds (N = 878) estimate the child's social-­emotional health. The results showed that 6 % of three-­year-­olds in this study were estimated to be over the cut-off value and that boys are estimated to have a poorer social-­emotional health than girls. The results also showed that healthy nutrition is significantly associated with higher social-emotional health however the association was weak. How many months the child exclusively breastfed showed no association. In conclusion the results indicate that three-­year-­olds in Västerbotten have a satisfactory level of social-­emotional health and that girls have a better social-­emotional health than boys. Furthermore the study shows that there is a small possibility that nutrition affects the social-­emotional health in three-­year-­olds however further research is necessary.        

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 20 p.
Keyword [sv]
Socioemotionell hälsa, treåringar, utvecklingspsykologi
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-103884OAI: diva2:816333
External cooperation
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Salutsatsningen i Västerbottens läns landsting
Available from: 2015-06-15 Created: 2015-06-02 Last updated: 2016-03-08Bibliographically approved

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