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The Gender Wage Gap: - among Swedish municipalities
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Though successively decreasing over time, gender wage gaps are still large in all

western countries. When gender wage gaps exist, there is an unequal distribution of

economic power between men and women. This paper examines variables that

significantly relate to the differences in the size of the gender wage gap across

Swedish municipalities. With data gathered from Statistics Sweden and the Swedish

Social Insurance Agency for the year 2011, a series of OLS regressions are

performed. By examining what variables are statistically related to variations in the

gender wage gap over municipalities, for example, average wage, human capital,

gender segregation and work absence, the aim is to further contribute to the field of

gender economics. The results in this paper show that the gender wage gap exists in

all 290 Swedish municipalities. It varies greatly with women earning only 56 percent

of men’s wages in Danderyd to women earning 87 percent of men’s wages in

Haparanda. In municipalities where average wages are high the gender wage gap is

large. Long-term illness and lowered capacity to work are strong factors negatively

affecting the gender wage gap. In municipalities where women are more affected by

long-term illness and lowered capacity to work than men the gender wage gap is

larger. Furthermore, there is a significant relation between the gender wage gap and

human capital. The gender wage gap is larger in municipalities where a large share of

the population has a higher education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Gender wage gap, Wage gap, Regional economics, Gender inequality, Gender segregation, Swedish labor market
Keyword [sv]
Lönegap, genus, inkomstskillnader mellan kvinnor och män, geografisk ekonomi, jämställdhet, Svenska kommuner
National Category
Economic Geography Economics Gender Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-26897ISRN: JU-IHH-NAA-1-20150006OAI: diva2:816178
Subject / course
IHH, Economics
2015-05-19, Internationella Handelshögskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, 13:20 (English)
Available from: 2015-06-08 Created: 2015-06-02 Last updated: 2015-06-08Bibliographically approved

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