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Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of catchment processes in sediments from Bolgoda Lake, Sri Lanka
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Bottom sediment is an archive of the historical changes in a lake and its catchment. This thesis is apalaeoenvironmental reconstruction of catchment processes in Bolgoda Lake situated in western SriLanka. We studied a sediment core retrieved from this lake. In our study, we focus on multiplephysical and chemical proxies: grain-size, loss-on-ignition, total organic carbon content, C:N ratio,and δ13C stored in the organic matter. The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understandingof the palaeoenvironmental conditions in the region and allow a comparison between this site andothers.In the deepest part of the core, we see an overall high sand content, which indicates a period ofhigher discharge into the lake compared to what the other core parts indicate. This is probably aresult of higher precipitation. This is followed by a decline in C:N and a rise in TOC in the second partwhich indicates an increase of primary production in the lake. In the third part we again see a shift inthe C:N indicating a source change back to more terrestrial runoff. The increase in TOC and LOIvalues together with decrease in C:N ratio and a steady increase in δ13C indicate an increase inlacustrine productivity in the upper part of the core.By reconstructing the palaeoenvironmental history in Bolgoda Lake we can conclude that it isprobable that some other factor than diagenetic change affects the lake. Our results indicate thatthese changes most likely are due to more wet periods and anthropogenic activity, mainly throughland use changes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Sediment, palaeoenvironmental reconstruction, paleoenvironmental reconstruction, Lake Bolgoda, C:N ratio, TOC, LOI, δ13C, grain size, Sri Lanka
National Category
Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118630ISRN: LIU-TEMA/MV-C--1515--SEOAI: diva2:816173
Subject / course
Bachelor of Science Thesis, Environmental Science Programme
Available from: 2015-06-22 Created: 2015-06-02 Last updated: 2015-06-22Bibliographically approved

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