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Att vårda vid livets slutskede: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av passiv eutanasi
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To give care at the end of life : Nurses' experiences of passive euthanasia (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Passiv eutanasi innebär ett undanhållande eller tillbakadragande av livsuppehållande behandling och är både lagligt och etiskt godkänt i de flesta länder. Sjuksköterskan spelar en stor och avgörande roll vid passiv eutanasi då hen har en viktig roll gällande vårdandet av personer i livets slutskede och för att ge stöd och tröst åt deras anhöriga.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att delta vid passiv eutanasi.

Metod: Studien är en litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats baserad på tio artiklar där en manifest innehållsanalys utfördes.

Resultat: Analysen resulterade i fyra huvudkategorier; att ta ansvar, innefattar sjuksköterskans ansvar och dess konsekvenser, att vara en del i beslutstagandet innefattar sjuksköterskans behov av att få dela med sig av sin kunskap, att bli emotionellt påverkad beskriver hur vårdandet påverkar sjuksköterskorna och att ge vård vid livets slutskede, ger en bild av hur man ger ett värdigt avslut. I dessa kategorier återfanns även tolv underkategorier.

Slutsatser: Den mest centrala delen av passiv eutanasi var att ge ett värdigt avslut. Detta kunde göras genom att få vara en del av beslutstagandet samt att se till de anhöriga och inkludera dem i vården.

Abstract [en]

Background: The meaning of passive euthanasia is to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatment and is generally both legally and ethically approved. The nurse plays an important and decisive role regarding passive euthanasia since he or she has a major role in the care of people in end-of-life as well as the care of their relatives/loved ones.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe nurses' experiences of participating in passive euthanasia.

Method: This study is a literature review with an inductive approach based on ten articles on which a manifest content analysis was conducted.

Results: The analysis resulted into four main categories; to take responsibility, contains the nurses’ responsibility and it’s consequences, to take part in the decision making illuminates the nurses’ urge to share one’s knowledge, to be emotionally affected outlines how the care affects the nurses’ and to provide care at the end-of-life stage portrays how to bestow a dignified death. Within these categories twelve subcategories arose.

Conclusion: The most paramount aspect of passive euthanasia was providing dignity in dying. This could be done by taking part in the decision making and tending to the relatives/loved ones as well as including them in the care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Passive euthanasia, nurse, end-of-life care, dignified death
Keyword [sv]
Passiv eutanasi, sjuksköterska, vård vid livets slutskede, värdigt avslut
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-26886OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-26886DiVA: diva2:815982
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-09 Created: 2015-06-02 Last updated: 2015-06-09Bibliographically approved

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