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Genetics and ecology of natural populations
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Molecular Biology. (Division of Genetics)
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

I have studied the genetic variation of single species using morphological variation and enzyme electrophoresis. I have striven to understand the interaction between the breeding structure and the ecology of the species in relation to the community, in which it lives. The work was done in the county of Västerbotten, northern Sweden. In the Skeppsvik archipelago I have studied the population structure of Silene dioica: ecotypic variation in other populations. I have also studied the genetic diversity of Angelica archangelica, Bistorta vivipara, Viscaria alpina and the earthworm Eiseniella tetraedra along the free-flowing Vindel and Sävar Rivers and the regulated Urne River.

The island populations of S. dioica are subdivided into several breeding units and levels of differentiation among subpopulations within islands were about twice as high as among islands. Restricted seed and pollen dispersal creates patches made up of related individuals that may diverge as a result of drift. Frequent seed and pollen dispersal occurs among islands and they will receive the same alleles. This may explain the pattern of differentiation observed. In contrast, the patches within islands may be founded by only a few individuals.

* S. dioica exhibits morphological differentiation in vegetative and floral characters between serpentine, cold spring, rich forest and coastal habitats. There was no association between  genetic and geographical distance or between genetic distance and habitat. Serpentine and cold spring, which represented the most extreme habitats were also most differentiated. Populations of S. dioica are subject to herbivory; predation may exert a selective pressure on vegetative characters. A number of selective forces such as pollinators and fungal parasites act on reproductive characters.

Assuming that water dispersal is important I tested several hypotheses to explain patterns of genetic diversity expected to be exhibited by riparian organisms along free-flowing and regulated rivers. I show that dispersal, distribution and breeding structure are important determinants of the evolution of the riparian flora. Patterns of genetic diversity may be exhibited at many spatial scales, e.g. among entire rivers, and between types of riverbanks within a river reach. Populations must be sampled at a spatial scale relevant to the hypothesis to be tested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2002. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Angelica archangelica, Bistorta vivipara, Viscaria alpina, Eiseniella tetraedra, ecotypes, hydrochory, genetic differentiation, clone diversity, genetic patterns, riparian
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-103815ISBN: 91-7305-286-8OAI: diva2:815560
Public defence
2002-09-27, sal KB3 Bl, KBC-huset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:00

Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Umeå universitet, 2002, härtill 5 uppsatser.

Available from: 2015-06-01 Created: 2015-06-01 Last updated: 2015-06-01Bibliographically approved

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