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Preschool teacher attrition: A phenomenological analysis of five interviews with former preschool teachers
Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The Swedish early childhood education system is world renown for having one of the best child-centered educational curriculums, but retaining preschool teachers continues to be an issue. There are simply not enough preschool teachers to meet demands and as a result, Sweden cannot afford to lose any of the professionals that are currently working in the field. This study intends to investigate the question: What leads preschool employees to seek new employment opportunities? Five taped, semi-structured interviews with former preschool teachers and a phenomenological analysis of the gathered empirical data intend to provide insight to this question. Hopefully with this data it might be possible, with a few changes to the existing system, to entice some of these qualified, experienced preschool teachers back into the field. The results of the interviews seem to suggest that the preschool teachers are frustrated with the organizational factors of the preschool, whether it be lack of opportunities for professional development or unmanageable job duties stemming from perceived large child groups. This frustration seems to be in spite of general feelings of pride for the profession as a whole. These former preschool teachers tend to reason that guaranteed small child groups and opportunities for continued professional development could be the key to retaining qualified, experienced preschool professionals. 

Abstract [sv]

Svenska förskolor är kända över hela världen för sin höga kvalitet, men att behålla erfarna förskollärare är en stor utmaning. Sverige har helt inte råd med att många utbildade förskollärare väljer att lämna yrket då det redan i dag finns för få utbildade förskollärare för att uppfylla myndigheternas krav. Studien ämnar undersöka vilka olika faktorer som påverkar förskollärares beslut att lämna yrket. Med fem inspelade, semi-strukturerade intervjuer med före detta förskollärare samt en fenomenologisk analys av data hoppas jag kunna ge en djupare förståelse för problemet och med några små förändringar av det nuvarande systemet hoppas jag kunna locka förskolä̈rare tillbaka till yrket. Resultaten av intervjuerna pekar mot en upplevd frustration vad gäller organisatoriska faktorer på verksamhetsnivå. Detta beror delvis på få utvecklingsmöjligheter för lärare och delvis på orimliga krav på förskollärare som tar hand om stora barngrupper. Upplevd frustration med organisatoriska faktorer står i kontrast mot stolthet över förskolläraryrket i sig. Förskollärarna i studien skulle komma tillbaka till yrket mot ett löfte om mindre barngrupper och kontinuerliga utbildningsmöjligheter prioriteras.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Preschool, teacher, attrition, phenomenology
Keyword [sv]
Förskola, förskollärare, läraravhopp, fenomenologi
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27566OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-27566DiVA: diva2:814388
Subject / course
Education Studies
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-05-27 Created: 2015-05-26 Last updated: 2015-11-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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