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Värdighet inom omvårdnad: Patienters existentiella längtan
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Dignity in nursing : Patients' existential longing (English)
Abstract [sv]

Värdighet är en viktig del i omvårdnaden som ofta negligeras. Värdigheten hotas i ögonblicket då patienten inkommer till vårdavdelningen. Trots ett behov finns det inga klara riktlinjer för hur sjuksköterskan ska handla i bevarandet av patienters värdighet. En litteraturstudie som utgår från humanvetenskapen genomfördes för att få djupare kunskap och förståelse om bevarande av värdighet hos patienter. Syftet var att beskriva hur patienters värdighet bevaras inom omvårdnad. Databearbetningen genomfördes som en innehållsanalys med stöd av fyra betjänter. Studiens resultat grundar sig på tio vetenskapliga artiklar, där ett övergripande tema framkom som var existentiell längtan. Ur resultatet framkom det att sjuksköterskans bemötande är en viktig aspekt i bevarandet av patienters värdighet. Även att se patienter ur ett holistiskt synsätt, värna om patienters autonomi och persona, visa respekt och stötta patienter i sin försoningsprocess är att vårda för att bevara värdigheten. Det är av betydelse att sjuksköterskan tänker på patientens värdighet i omvårdnadens alla moment. Evidensbaserad forskning om hur värdighet bevaras är knapphändig. Vidare forskning krävs för att utveckla och integrera kunskap i utbildning och i det professionella vårdandet.

Abstract [en]

Dignity is an essential part of caring which often is neglected. The dignity is threatened the moment the patient arrives at the ward. Altough there is an existing need, there are no clear guidelines for the nurse to know how to preserve their patients’ dignity. A literature study with human science as a base was conducted to gain deeper knowledge and understanding about the preservation of dignity. The aim was to identify how patients’ dignity is preserved in nursing. The data was analysed through a content analysis with support of four butlers and the result of the study is based on ten scientific papers. A theme was illuminated which was existential longing. Through the result it was clear that the nurses’ apperance is a great aspect in preservation of patients’ dignity. To see patients from an holistic view, nurture their autonomy and persona, show respect and support reconciliation is a way of nursing to preserve dignity. It is of importance that the nurse considers the patients’ dignity through all the moments of nursing. Science based on evidence on how to preserve dignity is scarce. Therefore, more research is required to develop and integrate knowledge in academic education and clinical practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Caring, dignity, individuality, nursing, patient
Keyword [sv]
Individualitet, omvårdnad, patient, vård, värdighet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28294OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-28294DiVA: diva2:812644
Subject / course
Nursing
Presentation
2015-05-19, Halmstad, 15:39 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-05-27 Created: 2015-05-19 Last updated: 2015-05-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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