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Force Feedback Control of a Semi-Active Shock Absorber
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Kraftåterkopplad reglering av semiaktiv stötdämpare (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Semi-active suspension systems promise to significantly reduce the necessary trade-off be-tween handling and passenger comfort present in conventional suspension systems by enabling active chassis and wheel control. Öhlins Racing AB have developed a semi-active suspension technology known as CES, Continuously controlled Electronic Suspension, based on solenoid control valves which are integrated into specially designed hydraulic dampers, and are currently developing control and estimation systems which will enable their application in advanced motorcycle suspensions. In these systems an important aspect is being able to accurately control the forces produced. Öhlins’ current system uses an open loop control strategy in which currents sent through the solenoid valves, to achieve the requested damping force under the prevailing circumstances, is calculated using experimentally derived static lookup tables.

In this thesis a new closed loop control system, based on the direct measurement of the damper force, is developed and its performance is evaluated in comparison to the old one’s. Sufficient understanding of the system requires extensive modeling and therefore two different models have been developed; a simpler one used for model based control design and a more extensive, high fidelity model used for high accuracy simulations. The developed simulation model is the first of its kind that is able to capture the studied systems behavior with satisfactory accuracy, as demonstrated against real dynamometer measurements.

The valves and damper behave in a highly non linear manner and the final controller design uses a combination of exact linearization, non linear state estimation, dynamical inversion and classical control theory. Simulation results indicate that the new controller reduces the root mean square force tracking error to about 63% of that of the existing controller in the evaluation scenarios used.

Cascaded within the system is also closed loop current controllers. A developed model based controller is shown to reduce the rise time to less than 30% of that of the existing PID-controllers, reduce the overshoot and provide online estimates of the winding series resistance, providing the basis for future solenoid diagnosis and temperature tracking systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 68 p.
Keyword [en]
Force feedback control, semi-active dampers, damper modeling, exact linearization
National Category
Control Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117923ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--14/4786--SEOAI: diva2:812193
External cooperation
Öhlins Racing AB
Subject / course
Automatic Control
2014-06-19, Algoritmen, Department of Electrical Engineering, Linköping University, SE-581 83, Linköping, 11:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2015-05-25 Created: 2015-05-17 Last updated: 2015-05-25Bibliographically approved

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