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Dilemmas for China: Energy, Economy, and Environment
China University of Petroleum - Beijing.
Kyoto University.
University of Liverpool.
China University of Petroleum - Beijing.
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2015 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 7, no 5, 5508-5520 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

China’s current national policies promote high levels of economic growth, transforming China into a “world factory”, but at a high cost in terms of energy and the environment. At the same time, this growth and transformation also forms the backbone of China’s economy, underpinning social stability. China faces a dilemma to reconcile its economy, energy system and environmental security. Each aspect of this triad is discussed in this study to illuminate the challenges faced by China, and China’s dilemma in energy, economy and environment is analyzed from the perspective of its participation in current global supply chains. While China must import a significant proportion of its energy and a large proportion of primary materials, a large share of these imports are returned to the global market as industrial exports. China is bound by its own course of action and unable to radically change its position for the foreseeable future as the road to economic development and employment stability is through policies built on exports and shifting development models, presenting a tough socio-economic trade-off. China’s growth challenges are discussed as an example of challenges more broadly faced in the developing world. China’s success or failure in achieving a sustainable developmental pattern will inevitably have a significant influence on the global environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 7, no 5, 5508-5520 p.
Keyword [en]
energy-economy-environment, energy security, Chinese economy, embodied energy, international trade
National Category
Energy Systems Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in the Science of Global Energy Resources
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-252915DOI: 10.3390/su7055508ISI: 000356936200035OAI: diva2:812129
Available from: 2015-05-15 Created: 2015-05-15 Last updated: 2015-07-29Bibliographically approved

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