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Vägar till kommunikation hos individer med afasi – ett patientperspektiv: En litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Ways to communication by individuals with aphasia - a patient perspective : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Årligen drabbas 12000 individer av afasi i Sverige. Det är ett stort samhällsproblem. Sannolikheten att som sjuksköterska stöta på dessa individer är därmed stor. Sjuksköterskor är i behov av mer kunskap om de kommunikationsmöjligheter som finns för att kunna främja hälsa hos individer med afasi. Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa vilka möjligheter individer med afasi har till kommunikation. Metod: Vald metod var en litteraturöversikt med fokus på empirisk forskning i form av kvalitativa och kvantitativa vetenskapliga artiklar som sammanställdes för att få en överblick över kunskapsområdet. Sökorden som användes var Communication, Aphasia, Nursing, Strategies, Health och Well-being. Resultat: Examensarbetets resultat baserades på 15 vetenskapliga artiklar. Följande huvudområden framkom i resultatet: Materiella hjälpmedel för kommunikation, Verbal och icke verbal kommunikation, Kommunikationsfrämjande miljö och Kommunikationsfrämjande icke-materiella faktorer. Slutsats: De möjligheter till kommunikation som framkom i resultatet passar olika bra på olika individer med afasi och kan därför inte vara applicerbara på samtliga av dessa. Det visade sig dock att det är av vikt att sjuksköterskor har en medvetenhet om de olika möjligheter till kommunikation som finns hos individer med afasi, samt lär känna individen i fråga. Detta för att underlätta kommunikation och främja hälsa och välbefinnande hos dessa individer.

Abstract [en]

Background: Each year 12 000 individuals get affected by aphasia in Sweden. It is a big problem in the society. The chance of facing these individuals as a nurse is therefore very big. Nurses are in need to gain more knowledge about the different communication possibilities to be able to promote health in these individuals. Aim: The aim of this literature review was to illustrate communication possibilities for individuals with aphasia Method: The chosen method was a literature review with focus on empirical research in the form of qualitative and quantitative scientific articles, which were compiled in order to attain an overview on the current field of knowledge. Search terms that were used in this study were Communication, Aphasia, Nursing, Strategies, Health and Well-being. Result: The result was based on 15 scientific articles. Following main areas were identified in the result: Physical facilities for communication, Verbal and nonverbal communication, Communication enabling environment and Communication enabling non- material factors. Conclusion: The communication possibilities identified in this study cannot be applied to all individuals with aphasia. It appeared though, that it is important that nurses have an awareness of different communication possibilities in individuals with aphasia, but also take time to get to know the individual in question. This is important when facilitating communication and hence promoting health and well-being in these individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Aphasia, patient perspective, communication, health, possibilities
Keyword [sv]
Afasi, patientperspektiv, kommunikation, hälsa, möjligheter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10935OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-10935DiVA: diva2:811968
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-05-19 Created: 2015-05-13 Last updated: 2015-05-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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