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Att se personen bakom beroendet: en litteraturstudie om vårdrelationens betydelse för personer med alkoholberoende
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To see the person behind the addiction : a literature review about the meaning of the caring relationship for people with alcohol dependence (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Alkoholberoende är en medicinsk diagnos som skiljer sig från risk- samt skadligt bruk. Beroende utvecklas i samspel med belöningssystemet och har en ärftlig komponent. Personer med alkoholberoende är en stigmatiserad grupp i samhället såväl som i sjukvården, och diagnosen innebär ett stort lidande för den enskilde personen. Därför är det viktigt att belysa personernas egna erfarenheter av vårdrelationer.

Syfte: Att belysa erfarenheter av vårdrelationer hos personer med alkoholberoende.

Metod: Litteraturstudie med sökorden Alcohol dependence, care, patient experiences. alcohol addiction, phenomenological, alcohol, treatment barriers, patient satisfaction, nursing, experiences och qualitative. Tio kvalitativa studier hämtade från databaserna Cinahl Complete, PubMed, Nursing and allied health source, PsycINFO och Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection analyserades och tematiserades.

Resultat: Det övergripande temat som formades från resultatartiklarna var Vårdrelationens olika aspekter med fyra underteman. Dessa underteman var 1) Vikten av ömsesidig tillit och bekräftelse, 2) Betydelsen av kunskap och professionalitet, 3) Makt och delaktighet i vårdrelationen, samt 4) Att känna sig dömd och diskriminerad.

Diskussion: Resultatet diskuteras mot Barkers Tidal-modell. Det diskuteras kring att mycket som framkom i resultatet var positiva erfarenheter och vad det kan bero på. Vidare avhandlas vad negativa attityder gentemot personer med alkoholberoende kan innebära för den enskilde personen och huruvida det är möjligt att utökade kunskaper kan förbättra attityderna.

Abstract [en]

Background: Alcohol dependence is a medical diagnosis and differs from alcohol abuse and harmful drinking. Dependence develops in interaction with the reward system and has a hereditary component. People with alcohol dependence are a stigmatized group in society as well as within healthcare, and the diagnosis means great suffering. It is therefore important to shed light on these individuals own experiences of caring relationships.

Aim: To illuminate experiences of caring relationships in people with alcohol dependence.

Method: A literature review with the keywords Alcohol dependence, care, patient experiences, alcohol addiction, phenomenological, alcohol, treatment barriers, patient satisfaction, nursing, experiences and qualitative. Ten qualitative studies collected from Cinahl Complete, PubMed, Nursing and allied health source, PsycINFO and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection were analyzed and thematized.

Results: The overarching theme that was formed from the results was Different aspects of the caring relationship with four subthemes. These subthemes were 1) The importance of mutual trust and affirmation, 2) The meaning of knowledge and professionalism, 3) Power and involvement in the caring relationship, and 4) To feel judged and discriminated.

Discussions: The results are discussed in relation to Barkers Tidal model. In the discussion it is noted that much that emerged in the results were positive experiences and what this may be due to. Further discussed is what negative attitudes towards people with alcohol dependence can mean for the person, and whether it's possible that extended knowledge can improve these attitudes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
Alcohol dependence, experiences, caring, caring relationship, attitudes
Keyword [sv]
Alkoholberoende, erfarenheter, vårdande, vårdrelation, attityder
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-4588OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-4588DiVA: diva2:808763
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-05-04 Created: 2015-04-29 Last updated: 2015-05-04Bibliographically approved

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