Facilitating Reuse of Safety Case Artefacts Using Safety Contracts
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Safety-critical systems usually need to comply with a domain-specific safety standard, which often require a safety case in form of an explained argument supported by evidence to show that the system is acceptably safe to operate in a given context. Developing such systems to comply with a safety standard is a time-consuming and costly process. Reuse within development of such systems is used to reduce the cost and time needed to both develop the system and the accompanying safety case. Reuse of safety-relevant components that constitute the system is not sufficient without the reuse of the accompanying safety case artefacts that include the safety argument and the supporting evidence. The difficulties with reuse of the such artefacts within safety-critical systems lie mainly in the nature of safety being a system property and the lack of support for systematic reuse of such artefacts.
In this thesis we focus on developing the notion of safety contracts that can be used to facilitate systematic reuse of safety-relevant components and their accompanying artefacts. More specifically, we explore the following issues: in which way such contracts should be specified, how they can be derived, and in which way they can be utilised for reuse of safety artefacts. First, we characterise the contracts as either “strong” or “weak” to facilitate capturing different behaviours reusable components can exhibit in different systems. Then, we present methods for deriving safety contracts from failure analyses. As the basis of the safety-critical systems development lies in the failure analyses and identifying which malfunctions eventually can lead to accidents, we deem that the basis for specifying the safety contracts lies in capturing information identified by such failure analyses within the contracts. Finally, we provide methods for generative reuse of the safety case artefacts by utilising the safety contracts. Moreover, we define a safety contracts development process as guidance for systematic reuse based on the safety contracts. We use a real-world case to demonstrate the proposed process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2015.
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 203
Engineering and Technology Other Engineering and Technologies
Research subject Computer Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27906ISBN: 978-91-7485-213-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27906DiVA: diva2:808643
2015-06-11, Gamma, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 14:00 (English)
Hansson, Hans, ProfessorCarlson, Jan, Associate ProfessorGallina, Barbara, Senior Lecturer
ProjectsSYNOPSIS - Safety Analysis for Predictable Software Intensive Systems
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