Traffic related PM and mortality: exposure-response functions and impact calculations for TESS
2008 (English)Report (Other academic)
This is a report from the research project TESS – Traffic Emissions, Socio-economic valuation and Socio-economic measures, which is funded by EMFO. In 2002 an agreement about the EMFO program was reached between the partners from the Swedish Vehicle Research Council, PFF. EMFO is a sector-wide research competence to develop vehicles and vehicle components with emission levels that are sustainable in the long term. The aim of EMFO is to offer academia, industry and authorities access to necessary knowledge and pioneering solutions that are necessary if vehicle technology is to develop in the desired direction. One important task is to coordinate activities within the program with both national and international research in the field. EMFO comprises subsidiary programs and two of these were: “Socio-economic evaluation of the health and environmental impact of different emissions” and “Optimal range of socio-economic measures”. TESS undertakes research in these two areas but it is also related to the subsidiary program: “Health and Environmental Impact”. The application was approved in 2005 and the project runs during 2005-2008. The basis for the research in TESS is the valuation methods developed in the EU funded ExternE projects where the external cost of emissions is calculated by tracing the effects that the emissions have on human health and then valuing these effects. The aim is to calculate the external costs related to particles that local emissions (from traffic and other sources) generate on a local and regional scale using Stockholm as a case study. Based on this information an analysis will be made on what reductions measures are likely to be efficient from an economic point of view. The analysis undertaken in TESS requires collaboration between researchers from different research disciplines. There are four parties involved in this project; VTI, SLB analys (Environment and Health Administration, Stockholm), Umeå University and SMHI. This report is focused on the health impact assessment. The first aim is to overview and discuss the epidemiological basis for selection of an exposure-response function, ERF, (or several different) for traffic related particles and mortality. The second aim is to use the exposure calculations by SLB and SMHI presented in TESS to make impact calculations using the selected exposure-response assumptions for particles of three types; exhaust particles, road dust particles and secondary particles (especially nitrates).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 24 p.
, Yrkes- och miljömedicin i Umeå rapporterar, ISSN 1654-7314 ; 2
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-102647OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-102647DiVA: diva2:808636