Doppler radar radial winds in HIRLAM. Part II: optimizing the super-observation processing
2009 (English)In: Tellus. Series A, Dynamic meteorology and oceanography, ISSN 0280-6495, E-ISSN 1600-0870, Vol. 61, no 2, 288-295 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Doppler radar radial wind observations are modelled in numerical weather prediction (NWP) within observation errors which consist of instrumental, modelling and representativeness errors. The systematic and random modelling errors can be reduced through a careful design of the observation operator (Part I). The impact of the random instrumental and representativeness errors can be decreased by optimizing the processing of the so-called super-observations (spatial averages of raw measurements; Part II). The super-observation processing is experimentally optimized in this article by determining the optimal resolution for the super-observations for different NWP model resolutions. A 1-month experiment with the HIRLAM data assimilation and forecasting system is used for radial wind data monitoring and for generating observation minus background (OmB) differences. The OmB statistics indicate that the super-observation processing reduces the standard deviation of the radial wind speed OmB difference, while the mean vector wind OmB difference tends to increase. The optimal parameter settings correspond at a measurement range of 50 km (100 km) to an averaging area of 1.7 km(2) (7.3 km(2)). In conclusion, an accurate and computationally feasible observation operator for the Doppler radar radial wind observations is developed (Part I) and a super-observation processing system is optimized (Part II).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 61, no 2, 288-295 p.
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Research subject Remote sensing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-630DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2008.00381.xISI: 000263258300009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-630DiVA: diva2:807248