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Spiral grain in trees from drought tolerant Eucalyptus species grown on dry land on the west coast of South Africa
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
2015 (English)In: Collection of Extended abstractsfor the International Symposium: Silviculture and Management of Dryland Forests, Stellenbosch, South Africa,16-19 March 2015, Stellenbosch University , 2015, 87-89 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this project titled “Evaluation of drought resistant tree species to alleviate poverty in arid regions of South Africa” trees from a 20-year old field trial from two sites on the dry west coast area of South Africa were recently evaluated for growth characteristics. The three most promising Eucalyptus species, namely E. gomphocephala, E. cladocalyx and E. grandis × camaldulensis hybrid, for growth characteristics were selected for further evaluation. The objective of the study reported was to investigate between species variability of selected physical and processing properties determining the suitability of these three species for lumber production. It will also be useful for informing tree breeders and silviculturists to identify which properties need improvement through breeding selection or forest management strategies. And in the future results can hopefully be used for selection of species for small farm plantations which may be processed and sold to generate income.

One of most common reasons for a customer to avoid using wood is the lack of shape stability. There is a clear connection between spiral growth and how twisted the sawn timber will be when it is dried. Depending on the log diameter a grain angle over 3 to 5 degrees will produce sawn wood that will be pronounced to twist. In older softwood trees, the cracks lean mostly to the right. This means that the grain angle is right handed, and the visible cracks create a spiral in an anti-clockwise direction, looking from the base to the top of the tree (Figure 1). In spruce trees, however, the grain angle close to the pith is left-handed, which means that the fibres follow a clockwise spiral up the trunk (Harris 1989).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stellenbosch University , 2015. 87-89 p.
Keyword [en]
Spiral grain angle, drying deformation, warp, wood quality, Eucalyptus species
National Category
Agricultural Sciences Wood Science
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-42398OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-42398DiVA: diva2:805454
Conference
The International Symposium: Silviculture and Management of Dryland Forests, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 16-19 March 2015
Projects
Evaluation of drought resistant tree species to alleviate poverty in arid regions ofSouth Africa. Sida Project: Marie Johansson et al.
Note

Founder: SIDA

Available from: 2015-04-15 Created: 2015-04-15 Last updated: 2015-09-17Bibliographically approved

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