Hög generell tillit och låg tolerans mot främlingar?
2014 (Swedish)In: SurveyJournalen, ISSN 2001-9327, Vol. 1, no 2, 68-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In light of Sweden’s exceptionally high levels of generalised trust, a widely argued view is that this country is well equipped to counterbalance contemporary challenges of xenophobia and build trust between diverse groups. However, while trust remains at high levels in Sweden, the same, somewhat paradoxically, goes for xenophobic attitudes. Therefore, the main question addressed in this article is why many Swedes report that they trust ‘most people in general’ while simultaneously displaying high levels of xenophobia. Drawing on unique survey-data, the article presents three main answers. First, the article shows that Swedish respondents place much more trust in their cultural in-group – which they tend to equate with ‘most people’ – than in their cultural out-group. Second, when relating these different measures of trust to respondents’ degree of xenophobia, on the one hand, and their party preferences, on the other hand, the article shows that an overwhelming majority of the electorate report that they trust people from Western Europe, while only a minority report that they tolerate and trust non-Europeans. Third, and most crucially, the article finds that high trust in the cultural out-group is associated with tolerance, whereas high trust in the in-group instead appears to breed xenophobia.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 1, no 2, 68-85 p.
Research subject Social Sciences, Political Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-42316DOI: 10.15626/sj.2014201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-42316DiVA: diva2:805171