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Aspects of Wide-Area Damping Control Design using Dominant Path Synchrophasor Signals
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electric Power Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4867-0797
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The presence of inter-area oscillations has long affected stability constraints, and therefore, limited the power transfer capacity of interconnected power systems. Adequate damping of these inter-area oscillations is, thus, necessary to secure system operation and ensure system reliability while increasing power transfers. Power system stabilizers (PSS) are the most common devices used to enhance the damping of such oscillations. Many studies have demonstrated that PSSs using remote signals may perform better than using local signals.

The advent of phasor measurement units (PMU) makes remote or wide-area signals become available, which enables various important applications. Of particular interest is wide-area damping control (WADC), which aims to utilize remote or wide-area measurements to damp the inter-area oscillations. However, two main challenges in WADC design are (1) feedback controller input signal selection (which PMU signal is best to use?), and (2) latency (which is inherent in the transmission of the measurements) considerations.

In response to the first challenge, this thesis proposes a concept called dominant inter-area oscillation path, which serves to pinpoint a set of candidate signals that can be used as the feedback controller inputs by locating the interconnected corridors where the inter-area modal contents are the most observable. Derivation, identification, and use of the dominant inter-area oscillation paths are demonstrated throughout the thesis. Extensive analysis on the relationships between the proposed set of signals and system properties regarding stability and robustness is presented. To tackle the second challenge, the impacts of time delays on the system performance when using the dominant path signals are investigated.

To date, several studies have proposed different control design methods using various oscillation dampers to design WADC. Nevertheless, neither a systematic method nor a concept that encompasses fundamental knowledge on power system dynamics has yet been offered. The objective of this thesis is, thus, to propose an analytical framework based on the dominant path concept which is built upon fundamental principles for feedback controller input signal selection in WADC. With this framework, a proper and systematic approach is developed. The proposed method allows to select appropriate signals and use them to effectively mitigate the inter-area oscillations that constrain power transfer capacity and affect system stability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. , 132 p.
TRITA-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2015:015
Keyword [en]
power system stability and control, inter-area oscillations, wide-area damping control, synchrophasor measurements
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-164251ISBN: 978-91-7595-522-3OAI: diva2:805026
Public defence
2015-05-07, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 28, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Swedish Energy Agency, 76131

QC 20150414

Available from: 2015-04-14 Created: 2015-04-14 Last updated: 2015-04-14Bibliographically approved

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