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Determinate Composition of FMUs for Co-Simulation
University of California, Berkeley and Linköping University.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8457-4105
University of California, Berkeley.
University of California, Berkeley.
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2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Embedded Software (EMSOFT 2013), IEEE conference proceedings, 2013, 1-12 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we explain how to achieve deterministic execution of FMUs (Functional Mockup Units) under the FMI (Functional Mockup Interface) standard. In particular, we focus on co-simulation, where an FMU either contains its own internal simulation algorithm or serves as a gateway to a simulation tool. We give conditions on the design of FMUs and master algorithms (which orchestrate the execution of FMUs) to achieve deterministic co-simulation. We show that with the current version of the standard, these conditions demand capabilities from FMUs that are optional in the standard and rarely provided by an FMU in practice. When FMUs lacking these required capabilities are used to compose a model, many basic modeling capabilities become unachievable, including simple discrete-event simulation and variable-step-size numerical integration algorithms. We propose a small extension to the standard and a policy for designing FMUs that enables deterministic execution for a much broader class of models. The extension enables a master algorithm to query an FMU for the time of events that are expected in the future. We show that a model can be executed deterministically if all FMUs in the model are either memoryless or implement one of rollback or step-size prediction. We show further that such a model can contain at most one “legacy” FMU that is not memoryless and provides neither rollback nor step-size prediction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE conference proceedings, 2013. 1-12 p.
National Category
Computer Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-164162DOI: 10.1109/EMSOFT.2013.6658580OAI: diva2:803899
International Conference on Embedded Software (EMSOFT 2013), Montreal, Canada, 2013

QC 20150519

Available from: 2015-04-14 Created: 2015-04-14 Last updated: 2016-07-15Bibliographically approved

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Broman, David
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