Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Emergency Hospital Visits in Association with Volcanic Ash, Dust Storms and Other Sources of Ambient Particles: A Time-Series Study in Reykjavik, Iceland
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. (Arcum)
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. (Arcum)
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. (Arcum)
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 12, no 4, 4047-4059 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Volcanic ash contributed significantly to particulate matter (PM) in Iceland following the eruptions in Eyjafjallajökull 2010 and Grímsvötn 2011. This study aimed to investigate the association between different PM sources and emergency hospital visits for cardiorespiratory causes from 2007 to 2012. Indicators of PM10 sources; “volcanic ash”, “dust storms”, or “other sources” (traffic, fireworks, and re-suspension) on days when PM10 exceeded the daily air quality guideline value of 50 µg/m3 were entered into generalized additive models, adjusted for weather, time trend and co-pollutants. The average number of daily emergency hospital visits was 10.5. PM10 exceeded the air quality guideline value 115 out of 2191 days; 20 days due to volcanic ash, 14 due to dust storms (two days had both dust storm and ash contribution) and 83 due to other sources. High PM10 levels from volcanic ash tended to be significantly associated with the emergency hospital visits; estimates ranged from 4.8% (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.6, 9.2%) per day of exposure in unadjusted models to 7.3% (95% CI: −0.4, 15.5%) in adjusted models. Dust storms were not consistently associated with daily emergency hospital visits and other sources tended to show a negative association. We found some evidence indicating that volcanic ash particles were more harmful than particles from other sources, but the results were inconclusive and should be interpreted with caution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 12, no 4, 4047-4059 p.
Keyword [en]
particle matter, volcanic ash, dust storms, emergency hospital visits, respiratory health, cardiovascular health
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101792DOI: 10.3390/ijerph120404047ISI: 000353488500041OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-101792DiVA: diva2:802583
Available from: 2015-04-13 Created: 2015-04-13 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(749 kB)125 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 749 kBChecksum SHA-512
520d40f168e5be0950790747ea8e0c6fcdc905a09e1e4f4f173c991e928ae517e4cf378d434611f61cc83edbee6cfaafe499cccb017629ba048eb88782939a91
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Carlsen, Hanne KrageForsberg, BertilMeister, KadriOudin, Anna
By organisation
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
In the same journal
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 125 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 167 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf