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Arbete med aktivering: En kvalitativ studie om hur socialsekreterare arbetar med aktivering av försörjningsstödstagare
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Work with activation : A qualitative study on how social service workers work with activation of the welfare receivers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med uppsatsen är att studera hur socialsekreterare arbetar med aktivering av försörjningsstödstagare och vilka faktorer som påverkar arbetet med aktiveringen. Materialet för studien består av fyra intervjuer med socialsekreterare som arbetar med ekonomiskt bistånd i en kommun i Sverige. Resultaten visar att aktivering av arbetslösa försörjningsstödstagare utförs i form av jobbaktivering eller resursaktivering. Alla intervjuade socialsekreterare ser på aktivering som en bra och nödvändig åtgärd, som både har en stöttande och kontrollerande funktion med tyngdpunkt på stöd. Vidare visar resultaten att det finns faktorer på tre nivåer som påverkar arbete med aktivering:

  • Samhällsnivå: Socialtjänstlagen, arbetsmarknaden, politiska beslut, skärpta regelverk, information och samverkan;
  • Organisationsnivå: otydligt uppdrag, riktlinjer och kriterier; resursbrist, tidsbrist, arbetsbelastning, bristande samverkan, bristande information;
  • Individnivå: socialsekreterarens erfarenhet och utbildning, syn på aktivering; klienteras utbildning, arbetslivserfarenheter, motivation, socialkompetens och eventuella individuell problematik, önskningar, mål och syn på framtid, tidigare erfarenheter av kontakt med socialtjänsten.
Abstract [en]

The purpose with this paper is to study how social service workers work with activation of welfare receivers, and witch elements that influence the work with activation. The material for the study consists of four interviews with social service workers that work with financial assistance in a municipality in Sweden. The results show that activation of unemployed benefit claimants are carried out in the form of job activation or resource activation. All the interviewed social service workers share a view on activation as a good and necessary line, that have both a supporting and controlling functions with emphasis on support. Furthermore the results show that there are three levels that influence the activation of the welfare receivers:

  • Social aspects: SoL, labour market, political decisions, stringent regulations, information and collaboration;
  • Organization aspects: unclear mission, guidelines and criteria, lack of resources, lack of time, workload, insufficient collaboration and insufficient information;
  • Individual aspects: the social service workers experience and education, view upon activation; clients’ education, working experience, motivation, social competence and eventual individual problems, wishes, goals and view upon the future, earlier experiences of contact with the social service.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
activation, financial aid, social service worker, capacity for action
Keyword [sv]
aktivering, försörjningsstöd, socialsekreterare, handlingsutrymme
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-35800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-35800DiVA: diva2:802527
Subject / course
Socialt arbete
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Social Work (210 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-04-15 Created: 2015-04-13 Last updated: 2015-04-15Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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  • Other locale
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