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Metodfokus på Affekt; Hur känns det?
Ersta Sköndal University College, St Lukas Educational Institute.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Methodological Focus on Affect; How does that feel? (English)
Abstract [en]

Evidence-based psychotherapeutic methods compete with each other, while meta-analysis have shown that variability due to different methods related to outcome is remarkably low. In this qualitative study six former patients were interviewed about experiences of method and technique in Affect-focused therapy, with a slight overweight towards unsatisfactory experiences. Responses were analysed and categorised in emergent themes. Methodological focus on affect showed to be a much appreciated, as well as insufficient, element. Alongside positive experiences or summaries of therapy, methodological frames were felt to be at times restrictive, even invalidating, as far as not allowing focus on what was felt to be the more predominant need. These needs were varied and individual; e.g. more/less of undetermined space free of preconceptions, more/less focus on affect, more direction forward, or more space for existentially oriented aspects. Results found good support in previous research except for a strong validation of therapists, even when aspects of therapy had been severely problematic. Experiences of applied method differed extremely among participants. The study highlighted lack of relation between method and outcome, and that positive regard of therapy and alliance were not synonymous with good outcome. Prominent themes were quality of methodological focus on affect and of therapeutic relationship, basic humanistic values, and individual factors of variance.

Future research was suggested to focus on integration of methods, on therapists’ common factors, as well as on issues of power in the therapeutic relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Affect-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy, Affect phobia, Psychotherapeutic methods, Manual-based methods of psychotherapy, Patient variables, Therapist variables, Therapeutic relationship, Satisfactionwith therapy, Disappointment with therapy
Keyword [sv]
Affektfokuserad psykodynamisk psykoterapi, Affektfobi, Psykoterapeutiska
National Category
Applied Psychology
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-4546OAI: diva2:801339
Educational program
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2015-04-09 Created: 2015-04-09 Last updated: 2015-04-09Bibliographically approved

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