Enhancement of polymer endurance to UV light by incorporation of semiconductor nanoparticles
2015 (English)In: Nanoscale Research Letters, ISSN 1931-7573, E-ISSN 1556-276X, Vol. 10, no 81, 1-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Improvement of polyvinyl alcohol stability against ultraviolet (UV) illumination is achieved by introducing cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles into the polymeric matrix. Enhancement of stability is analyzed by optical characterization methods. UV protection is achieved by diminishing the probability of photo-activated formation of defects in polymer. The sources of polymer protection are the lowering of the efficiency of polymer excitation via partial absorption of incident light by the embedded nanoparticles as well as the de-excitation of the macromolecules that have already absorbed UV quanta via energy drain to nanoparticles. Within the nanoparticles, the energy is either dissipated by conversion to the thermal energy or reemitted as visible-range photoluminescence quanta.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SpringerOpen , 2015. Vol. 10, no 81, 1-6 p.
Polymer; Nanoparticles; PVA; CdS; Shielding; Nanocomposite
Other Physics Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116833DOI: 10.1186/s11671-015-0787-5ISI: 000350810100001PubMedID: 25852377OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-116833DiVA: diva2:800680
Funding Agencies|Swedish Institute via Visby program2015-04-072015-04-072015-05-20