Toward a reconceptualization of the “urban” and “rural” as conceptual and analytical categories in the social sciences
2012 (English)In: Arts and Social Sciences Journal, ISSN 2151-6200, Vol. 3, ASSJ-35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Globalization implies a general shift in spatio-temporal relations and the simultaneous deterritorialization of cultural phenomena orchestrated by the multiple global flows of people, ideas, and fashions. Within the context of globalization, it is troublesome for social scientists to continue using the “urban–rural” dichotomy as distinctive analytical and methodological categories because it tends to suggest a contingency in the pattern and character of social phenomena. This article sets out to theoretically rethink this conceptualization because of the multi-stranded and culturally embedded nature of human behavior in both space and time which has led to difficulties in delineating rigid subject boundaries today unlike in the past. Drawing on empirical data from diverse social phenomena, but particularly from the urban procurement and consumption of medicinal plant recipes, “dualistic” religious inclination and urban agriculture, we demonstrate that the geographic, spatio-temporal conceptualization of distinctive urban and rural phenomena are problematic. We suggest the notions of “urban-ruralism” and “rural-urbanism” as theoretical and methodological reconceptualizations to capture multiple embedded processes and to show that there exists a type of behavioral continuum/consistency because individuals have adopted hyphenated identities.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aston Journals , 2012. Vol. 3, ASSJ-35
Globalization, Hyphenated identities, Multi-stranded field, Spatio-temporal relations, Urban, Rural, Urban-ruralism, Rural-urbanism
Research subject Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-41721OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-41721DiVA: diva2:800494