Elbilar, hållbarhet och planering - en genomlysning av norska och svenska rapporter och examensarbeten
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
This report concerns the electric car and charging infrastructure. It provides an overview of the debates presented in selected Swedish and Norwegian reports, as well as bachelor and master theses. The main purpose is to explore what are the challenges to the adoption of electric cars and charging infrastructure, but also to examine what possibilities exist to promote adoption. Another purpose is to investigate which tools (governmental practices, incentives and planning tools) are emphasized in the creation of sustainable mobility and sustainable cities. Norway is commonly considered to be one of the leading nations concerning the adoption of electric cars, while Swedish attempts to increase the use of electric cars are sometimes believed to be too moderate. The readings indicate that Norwegian policies have been, and still are, strongly aimed at diffusing the electric car within the Norwegian society by using incentives such as exemptions from Value Added Tax (VAT) and registration tax at the national level, and by allowing access to bus lanes, cheaper ferry fares and exemption from toll road charges at the local level. The main purpose behind this effort is to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, but perhaps more importantly to spur the development of industries in connection to electric vehicles (EVs). Sweden, as compared to Norway, has taken a somewhat different approach. There is no national, coherent plan for the diffusion of the electric car. Instead Sweden is to a high degree relying on municipal planning to try out various technical and management measures, with the aim to create sustainable cities. The Swedish conservative government has also been criticized by the Swedish National Audit Office (Riksrevisionen) among others for being too vague when it comes to the governing of infrastructure and transport in relation to environmental agreements and objectives. Despite these differences between Sweden and Norway, the readings show a high degree of consistency regarding challenges and opportunities in the nexus of adoption of electric cars-sustainable development: Limited range, lack of trust and inadequate knowledge are still considered to be major obstacles to the adoption of electric cars. Innovation and improvements of batteries are among the “hard” measures to ensure diffusion and adoption, while municipal and state mobility management, also including effective policies and incentives, are held to be among the most important “soft” tools for fostering sustainable mobility.
Apart from providing the abovementioned overview, this report also offers a theoretical discussion in order to contextualize the electric car and charging infrastructure. The discussion stretches from diffusion of innovation theory, to urban governmental and planning practices onto the importance of mobility and/or accessibility for social justice and inclusion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund, 2015. , 47 p.
Rapportserien / European Tourism Research Institute, ISSN 1403-4220 ; 2015:1
Elbilar, laddinfrastruktur, hållbarhet, planering, innovationsspridning
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-24793ISBN: 978-91-88025-22-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-24793DiVA: diva2:800264
ProjectsLaddinfrastruktur för elfordon längs Green Highway - en del av framtidens smarta elnät och hållbara transporter
FunderSwedish Energy Agency