First-principles study of the influence of different interfaces and core types on the properties of CdSe/CdS core-shell nanocrystals
2015 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 5, 10865Article in journal (Refereed) Published
With the expanding field of nanoengineering and the production of nanocrystals (NCs) with higher quality and tunable size, having reliable theoretical calculations to complement the experimental results is very important. Here we present such a study of CdSe/CdS core-shell NCs using density functional theory, where we focus on dependence of the properties of these NCs on core types and interfaces between the core and the shell, as well as on the core/shell ratio. We show that the density of states and the absorption indices depend rather weakly on the type of interface and core type. We demonstrate that the HOMO wavefunction is mainly localised in the core of the nanocrystal, depending primarily on the core/shell ratio. On the other hand the LUMO wavefunction spreads more into the shell of the nanocrystal, where its confinement in the core is almost the same in each of the studied structural models. Furthermore, we show that the radiative lifetimes decrease with increasing core sizes due to changes in the dipolar overlap integral of the HOMO and LUMO wavefunctions. In addition, the electron-hole Coulomb interaction energies follow a similar pattern as the localisation of the wavefunctions, with the smaller NCs having higher Coulomb interaction energies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, 10865
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248551DOI: 10.1038/srep10865ISI: 000355652900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-248551DiVA: diva2:799872